Friday, February 22, 2019
Epidemiology: Global and Public Health Essay
The character of this paper is to describe the history of creation wellness, including pertinent dates and signifi stick outt events and the various aspects of public and participation-establish wellness. humans wellness is the science and art of preventing disease, prolonging life and promoting wellness through the organized efforts and informed choices of society, organizations, public and common soldier, communities and individuals (Winslow, 1920). It is touch with threats to health based on population health digest. The population in question can be as small as a handful of good deal or as large as all the inhabitants of several continents (for instance, in the case of a pandemic). The dimensions of health can encompass a dry land of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity, as defined by the get together Nations World health Organization. open health incorporates the interdisciplinary approaches of epidemi ology, biostatistics and health service. environmental health, community health, behavioral health and occupational health are early(a)(a) important subfields.The focalise of public health intervention is to improve health and quality of life through the prevention and treatment of disease and other physical and mental health conditions, through surveillance of cases and the promotion of hefty behaviors. Promotion of hand washing and breastfeeding, delivery of vaccinations, and the distribution of condoms to control the afford of sexually transmitted diseases are examples of common public health measures. The origins of the earth wellness inspection and repair can be traced to the passage of an act in 1798 that provided for the fear and relief of sick and injured merchant seamen. Reorganization in 1870 converted the loose network of locally controlled hospitals into a centrally controlled shipboard soldier Hospital Service, with its headquarters in Washington, D.C. The posit ion of Supervising sawbones (later Surgeon General) was created to administer the Service, and John Maynard Woodworth was appointed as the outgrowth incumbent in1871.The accredited officer corps (now known as the Commissioned corps of the U.S. Public Health Service or the Public Health Service Commissioned corps) was established by rule in 1889. At first open only to physicians, over the course of the twentieth century, the Corps spread out to include veterinarians, dentists, Physician Assistants, sanitary engineers, pharmacists, nurses, sanitarians, scientists, and other health professionals. quarantine was to begin with a state function rather than federal, but the national Quarantine mo of 1878 vested quarantine authority to the maritime Hospital Service and the subject field Board of Health. The National Board was not reauthorized by Congress in 1883 and its powers reverted to the Marine Hospital Service. Over the next half a century, the Marine Hospital Service increasin gly took over quarantine functions from state authorities. As immigration increased dramatically in the late nineteenth century, the federal official Government also took over the processing of immigrants from the states, beginning in 1891.Because of the broadening responsibilities of the Service, its name was changed in 1902 to the Public Health and Marine Hospital Service, and again in 1912 to just the Public Health Service. As the century progressed, PHS commissioned officers served their country by controlling the spread of contagious diseases such as smallpox and yellow fever, conducting important biomedical research, regulating the food and do drugs supply, providing health care to underserved groups, supplying medical assist in the aftermath of disasters, and in numerous other ways. Today the mission of the Commissioned Corps of the PHS is Protecting, promoting, and advancing the health and safety of the Nation. The Public Health Service Act of 1944 structured the United States Public Health Service (PHS) as the primary division of the subdivision of Health, Education and Welfare (HEW), which later became the United States Department of Health and Human Services.As one of the United States seven render services, the PHS Commissioned Corps fills public health leadership and service roles inwardly federal government agencies and programs. The PHS Commissioned Corps includes officers drawn from many professions, including environmental and occupational health, medicine, nursing, dentistry, pharmacy, psychology, social work, hospital administration, health record administration, nutrition, engineering, science, veterinary, health entropy technology, and other health-relatedoccupations. Agencies within the Public Health Service are * presidential term for Children and Families (ACF)* government on Aging (AoA)* Agency for Healthcare Research and prime(prenominal) (AHRQ)* Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR)* Centers for Disease Control and barroom (CDC)* Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS)* Federal Occupational Health (FOH)* Food and Drug giving medication (FDA)* Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA)* Indian Health Service (IHS)* National Institutes of Health (NIH)* Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA)According to CHHS (2007), The California Health and Human Services Agency (CHHS) oversees xii departments and one board that provide a range of health care services, social services, mental health services, alcohol and drug treatment services, income assistance and public health services to Californians from all walks of life. Major programs include no-cost and cheap health care coverage for low-income Californians (Medi-Cal) income support for the aged, blind or alter (SSI/SSP) income support for CalWORKs recipients, low-cost public health insurance (Healthy Families) for children from working families. another(prenominal) large programs administe red by CHHS departments include food stamps, child welfare services, in-home substantiative services, support for the developmentally disabled, foster care, mental health services, drug and alcohol treatment, and vocational rehabilitation. CHHS directly serves millions of Californians in health and human service programs, plot touching the lives of all Californians through statewide efforts such as public health protection and emergency preparedness and response.Public Health breast feeding radiation diagram is the entailment of nursing speculation and public health theory applied to promoting and preserving the health of populations. The focus of practice is the community as a whole and the effect of the communitys health status (resources) on the health of individuals,families, and groups. Care is provided within the context of preventing disease and disability, and promoting and protecting the health of the community as a whole (Stanhope & Lancaster, 2008). It is mainly compo sed of the pastime areas Behavioral Science/Health Education, Biostatistics, Emergency Medical Services, Environmental Health, Epidemiology, Health Services Administration/Management, International/Global Health, Maternal and Child Health, Nutrition, Public Health Laboratory Practice, Public Health Policy, Public Health Practice (What Is Public Health?, n.d.). connection Health Nursing Practice is the synthesis of nursing theory and public health theory applied to promoting, preserving, and maintaining the health of populations through the delivery of personal health care services to individuals, families, and groups. The focus of practice is to preserve the health of individuals, families, and groups and the effect of their health status on the health status of the community as a whole (Stanhope & Lancaster, 2008). Community nursing works with the individual in hospitals, nursing homes, home healthcare, and hospice. Nurses in this field work in government and private agencies, cli nics, and other private settings. They focus on populations, working with individuals, groups, and families to improve the overall health of communities. They recrudesce about health care issues, disease prevention, nutrition, and childcare, and also work with community leaders, teachers, parents, and physicians in community health education.In conclusion, public health is concerned with protecting the health of entire populations. Its vision is Healthy People in Healthy Communities. Its mission is to Promote Physical and Mental Health and obstruct Disease, Injury, and Disability. This is accomplished by preventing epidemics and the spread of disease protecting against environmental hazards preventing injuries promoting and supporting(a) healthy behaviors responding to disasters and assists communities in recovery and, assures the quality and accessibility of health services. through public education, health promotion and disease prevention, the public will arrive at the opportu nity to take control of their own personal health. Research and analysis help to guide recommendations and teaching. As new information is discovered, the teaching for health promotion changes. Public health is put into action bylegislation and political acts. Community healthcare may be for profit, nonprofit or government run healthcare delivery systems for individuals. Policy and recommendations are done through public health and delivered through community health. Public health nursing is vital to the health and well-being of the nation as a whole.ReferencesCHHS. (2007). Retrieved from http//www.chhs.ca.gov/Pages/default.aspxStanhope, M., & Lancaster, J. (2008). Population-centered health care in the community (7th ed.). St. Louis, MO Mosby Elsevier. U.S. Department of Health &Human Services. (n.d.). Retrieved from http//www.hhs.gov/about/ What is Public Health?. (n.d.). Retrieved from http//www.whatispublichealth.org/what/index.html Winslow, Charles-Edward Amory (1920 Jan 9). Th e Untilled Fields of Public Health. Science 51 (1306) 2333).