Tuesday, April 16, 2019

European-English language Essay Example for Free

European- slope talking to EssayAs Ammon Ulrich puts it, the face speech dialogue is the most kind dictions in the cosmos because of its character for being open to separate languages (2002). The side language accepts words and expressions from other languages. It even borrows the native Australian words and expressions of some countries. Such hospitability of the English language can be proved by appealing to the etymologies found in some English terms (Algeo Pyles 2004). Yet, he argued that such hospitability does not entail humbleness.In fact, he argued that the English language has started to dominate the cosmea by making the world accustomed to use and speak the English language (Ammon 2002). The sixteenth, seventeenth and the eighteenth degree centigrade signaled the rise of the English language in Europe (Anderman Rogers 2005). These periods marked the impeccable influence of the English language in the European civilizations. Because of trades and shipping b usinesses, it was said that Europe had increasingly exposed themselves on the English language (Phillipson 2003).The nineteenth century made almost all of the European languages to have distinct affinity with the English language overly the European languages include vocabularies and terms that were derived from the English language (Anderman Rogers 2005). In the twentieth century, England took a very world-shaking role in expanding the influence of the English language in the whole European region. Because of cultural relations, frugal transactions, and global communications, English had truly penetrated Europe.There was this mixed European and English language combination of structures, terms, expressions and styles of the two languages (Anderman Rogers 2005). Nonetheless, in this period, English does not have any special place in European countries. It is not even regarded as an official language by other European countries (Phillipson 2003). Though there atomic number 18 some countries which used English as their native language. There be countries in Europe which are opposed with the idea of translating files and documents from their native language into English (Ammon 2002).Bilingualism is allowed in the European region (Phillipson 2003). However European countries do not think that making the English language as their official language would shed light on significant change for them. As a result, they refuse to consider translations of newspapers, official documents and declarations into the English language. There are separate editions and issues of magazines that are printed and published in English (Ammon 2002). match to the European Union, though the English language has truly proven its importance in internationalist business and communication, it does not necessarily mean that they would ardently adopt it (Anderman Rogers 2005). What happened is that, European countries, together with their cultures, reconstructed the English language with their own native language. For example, the combination of cut and English is called Franglais. The combination of German and English is Denglish, Spanish and English is Spanglish, Dutch and English is Nederengels (Anderman Rogers 2005).Besides this reconstructive memory or the mixing of European languages and the English language, the European Union announces that although the English language is key figure in business communication, local cultures and communication should be first considered. Consequently, English is only regarded as an banausic language used and spoken by the community in Europe (Stavans 2002). Crawfords Heritage spoken languages in America Tapping a Hidden Resource English Language is known as the official language of America (Crawford 1999). All the states of America use and speak of it.There is no such thing as native language except for the fact that America has been inhibited by many other pack with different nationalities and cultures (Cheshire 2007). It is tagged as the melting pot of the world. For this reason, it is undeniable that every attempt to come nuzzle it would mean exposing oneself from the very influential power of the American culture including the use of the English language (Crawford 1999). According to James Crawford, it is inevitable that the world would bend over the English language (1999).Evidently, one cannot survive in the international scene without knowing how to speak and understand English. As repeatedly mentioned in this paper, international communication requires the English language (Crystal 2003). He stressed in his arguments his contention to those countries which try to establish an anti-bilingual campaign (Crawford 1999). It is to be noted that there are really bills and laws that are currently against the use of English as a snatch language. He saw no logical reason for pushing such campaign.American people honor and recognize the role of the English language. They see how it significa ntly affects their lives and the world. No matter how the English language is differently used and spoken by different countries in the world, no doubt that it pushes the world to take a crap big leaps with regards to technological, scientific, political and mostly economic advancements. English language-policy system in America is geared towards the conjunction of native tribes and groups with the whole of America (Johnson, 2000). It does not really undermine or debilitate native languages.It serves as the key weapon in improving the lives of the people, and making them realize that the world is really moving towards modernisation and globalization. There is no way that the English language would not affect the international relations of the world (Cheshire 2007). However, according to James Crawford, it does not imply that other languages would be thrown out of the picture. He insisted that native languages should be tied up with the native languages so as to preserve the cultur e and heritage of particular proposition regions and groups in America while making efforts to advance the quality of life they have (Crawford 1999).Conclusion The English Language cannot really own by one nation. In fact it is not exclusively own by any one. It is a freelancer language which tends to be accessible to all that needs a reciprocal medium for particular and specific purpose. The research studies presented in this paper proves that the English language has really penetrated the international scene leaving either good or bad effects. More so, its evolution took place in the midst of criticisms and oppositions against it.China, Japan, Europe and America admitted that the English language significantly takes part in every faulting of the world. It is a very dynamic language which allows the assimilation and inclusion of almost every other languages and culture. Bilingualism may be seen as problem or threat for others. Nonetheless, bilingualism opens the door for better communication. References Algeo, J. , Pyles, T 2004, The Origins and Development of the English Language (5th ed. ), Heinle. Ammon, U 2002, English As An Academic Language In Europe A play along Of Its Use In Teachin,.Peter Lang Publishing. Anderman, G. M. , Rogers, M 2005, In And Out Of English For Better, For Worse? (Translating Europe, Multilingual Matters Limited. Brownell, J. A1967, Japans second language A critical study of the English language program in the Japanese collateral schools in the 1960s, National Council of Teachers of English. Burchfield, R 2003, The English Language,. Oxford University Press. Burnley, D 2000, The History of the English Language A witnesser Book (2nd ed. ), Longman.Cheshire, J 2007, English nearly the World Sociolinguistic Perspectives, Cambridge University Press. Cheshire, Jenny 1991, Introduction sociolinguistics and English around the world, In Cheshire 1-12. Crane, M 2004, English as a second base Language, Grand Central Publishing . Crawford, J 1999, Heritage Languages in America Retrieved July 2007, 2007 from http//ourworld. compuserve. com/homepages/JWCRAWFORD/HL. htm Crystal, D 2003, English as a Global Language (2nd ed. ), Cambridge University Press. Fennell, B. A 2001, A History of English A Sociolinguistic Approac,.Blackwell Publishing Limited. Gorlach, M. 1991, Studies in Varieties of English around the World, 1984-1988, capital of The Netherlands/Philadephia John Benjamins Publishing Company. Graddol, D 1996. The History of the English Language (First ed. ), Routledge. Hamers, Josiane F. Blanc, Michel H. A 1989, Bilinguality and Bilingualism, Cambridge CUP. Johnson, F. L 2000, Speaking culturally Language Diversity in the United States, Sage Publications, Inc . Kachru, B. B 1992, The Other Tongue ENGLISH crossways CULTURES (2nd ed. ), University of Illinois Press.Kahcru, Braj B 1986, The power and politics of English. In World Englishes, Vol. 5, No. 2/3 121-140. Liu, J 2007, English Language pedagogi cs in China New Approaches, Perspectives and Standard, Continuum International Publishing Group. Marciamo 2005, Japan much accommodating to English speakers than to speakers of other languages, Retrieved July 28, 2007 from Japan Reference http//www. jref. com/language/english_friendly_japan. shtml McMillan, R. R 1999, English as the Second Official Language in Japan?Retrieved July 28, 2007, from Garden City Life http//www.antonnews. com/gardencitylife/1999/12/17/ picture/ Pennycook, Alastair 1994, The Cultural Politics of English as an International Language, Harlow Longman Group Ltd. Phillipson, R 2003, English-Only Europe? Challenging Language Policy (First ed. ), Routledge. Porcaro, J. W 2002, Translating literature and learning culture. (teaching English as a foreign language in Japan, Academic Exchange Quarterly , 6 (4), p. 113. Ross, H. A 1993 China Learns English Language Teaching and Social Change in the Peoples Republic, Yale University Press.Saito, T. , Nakamura, J. , Y amazaki, S 2002, English Corpus Linguistics in Japan, Rodopi. Shaobin, J 2002, English as a Global Language in Chin,. Retrieved July 27, 2007, from ELT Newsletter http//www. eltnewsletter. com/back/May2002/art992002. htm Stanlaw, J 2005, Japanese English Language And The Culture Contact (Bilingual ed. ), Hong Kong University Press. Stavans, I 2002, On Borrowed Words A biography of Language, Penguin Non-classics. Weixing, G 2003, The Origin of English Language Teaching in Chinas School, Monash Asia Institute.

No comments:

Post a Comment

Note: Only a member of this blog may post a comment.