Saturday, May 18, 2019
Task B Tpp 101
Hoffman and Elwins (2003) denomination examines The Relationship Between Critical Thinking and reliance in Decision Making for bare-assborn fine-tune nurses. The authors aim to prove that no correlation exists between higher order reasoning of new fine-tunes and their skill to make sound clinical choices in relation to patient management. Critical have in minding in the nurse field is defined as conclusion making based on the analysis of clinical problems with reflection and reasoning to ensure optimum patient outcomes.US and UK studies found no link between circumstantial cerebration and clinical ending making while Korean research identifies a positive correlation. be the significance of Hoffman and Elwins study is the lack of evidence supporting a link between the two. The possibleness states no relationship exists between confidence in conclusion making and vital thinking for graduate nurses. The render population comprised 83 graduates from 11 universities acr oss metropolitan and regional NSW, Australia.Using correlation design oer twelve months, responses from two groups were collected using the 80 question Watson & Glaser Critical thinking assessment creature (WGCTA), a Confidence in decision making scale, 0-5 range, and demographic questionnaires. information was collected and analysed using SPSS spreadsheet and informationbase respectively. Results bear witness a weak negative correlation between critical thinking and decision making for new nursing graduates. As scores for critical thinking increased a reduction in sure-footed decision making was observed.Therefore graduates can be grouped as those who think too critically and those who think less critically. The first group of individuals may reach accurate clinical conclusions but time taken may adversely affect patient outcomes. Conversely, a graduate who thinks less critically may be overconfident taking less time to consider clinical variables, ultimately placing patients at risk. The hypothesis is thence rejected. Recommendations be made to encourage a future clinical environment supportive of practitioners who question decision making.Firstly, a need exists for postgraduate training opportunities which reinforce the study findings. Secondly, research addressing the shortfalls of sampling design in this particular study should be conducted. Criteria Evaluation Author Credentials Bias Strength Analysis of Hoffman Elwins subject shows the authors are well positioned to research and report on the link between critical thinking and decision making in the nursing field. Both parties posses their masters degree in nursing and are registered for practice with Hoffman holding an additional Bsc.In addition to academic qualifications both parties are employed as nursing educators. flunk Bias may exist in the authors findings. As both Hoffman and Elwin are nursing professionals and educators the makeups ground objectivity can be questioned. Recomme ndations for future training and research may be seen as self-serving. The comprehension of a third party professional from outside the nursing field may provide a complimentary perspective. Accuracy and Consistency of Data Strength Data has been gathered using recognised reportage tools that are based on established criterion.The use of these tools may encourage future researchers to employ the analogous methods to promote accuracy and consistency when comparing existing data with that collected during future research. impuissance The accuracy and consistency of data within the research paper can be questioned. Variations in reported hear size exist in the report and will lead readers to doubt the validity of additional data. Data Collection/Analysis Strength The set of instruments used in data collection can be considered sound.The combination of graduate background information and recognised tools such as the WGCTA and Confidence in decision making scale allows for consiste ncy in comparison with previous research findings. correlation coefficients found in the data can therefore be considered significant. Weakness As the authors acknowledge the use of a convenience stress, the reader should conclude that study publications are generalised and not representative of regional, state, or national populations.Increased sample size, equal number of rural and metropolitan graduates, and more detail on individuals age, gender, and cultivation institution would increase data credibility. Graduate IQ or GPA may also good turn a role in critical thinking and/or decision making and be include as an additional variable. Analysis Methods and Relevance of Data Strength The authors reference amount cites 16 papers from various countries around the world. This indicates that widespread and applicable investigation into the relationship between critical thinking and decision making in graduate nurses has been conducted. Methods of analysis such as he WCGTA and Co nfidence in Decision-making Scale employed in earlier research allows for comparison of findings. Weakness Despite the relevance of resources and suitability of analysis tools, some may be considered out of date. Although studies cited in the literature review are as recent as 2000, Watson Glasers critical thinking appraisal tool dates to 1980. In addition Rhodes resolve from 1985 gave rise to the Confidence in Decision-making Scale. The use of these tools in an environment as dynamic and ever so changing as nursing could suggest lack of research on behalf of the authors, or a proclivity to reach preferred conclusions. Sample Size Strength The small sample size of 83 graduates fighting(a) in the twelve month study allows for close communication between researcher and subject. This may result in improved data quality highlighting local trends and issues specific to the region. It should also be storied that participants contributed to the study over the twelve month period as there is no mention of withdrawal. Weakness The use of a convenience sample comprising such small numbers cannot be considered representative of target populations at regional, state, or national levels.An increase in the number of participants to represent a greater residue of the local graduate population would improve both integrity and usability of study findings. Criteria Evaluative comments 1. What difficulties did you encounter complete this working class? Initial comprehension of the paper was difficult and time consuming but central to the task. When evaluating the paper many of my selected criteria specifically sample size, data collection, and data analysis contained elements which overlapped. This made it difficult to stay on track. 2.What did you find challenging, but interesting about this task? Separating the content from the exercise itself. Im really not interested in details relating to the nursing profession but skilled summarising and critical thinking/ev aluation are academic fundamentals. 3. Why would TPP 101 have set this type of a task? What are the learning outcomes of this task? (See your course outline). To establish academic skills that can be built on. Skills positive here will assist in completing Task 2. Learning outcomes for participants are to understand, think, learn, communicate, and value. 4. How will you be able to use the skills formed in this task in your future studies? These skills will be utilise not only to Task 2, but to most if not all future assessment pieces. progressive critical thinking/assessment outside of university is also of value. 5. Define three new words that were new to you in this journal article. 1. Meta-Cognitive awareness and understanding of ones own thought processes. 2. Negative Correlation as the values for one variable inrease, the values of the second variable decreases. 3.?