Friday, April 12, 2013

Supreme Court Cases - Dred Scott vs Sanford

Dred Scott v. Sanford is a popular case in United States History. It implant precedence for the 13th, 14th, and 15th amendments, the amendments that solely relates to African Americans. Dred Scott, a buckle down in 1857 declared his right to be free downstairs the Supreme Court. In 1839 Scott and his master moved to Missouri, which was a knuckle down state. Four years later, a U.S. army surgeon named Dr. whoremaster Emerson bought Scott and moved him into the free state of Illinois. In 1836, Scott and Emerson moved to Wisconsin Territory. delinquent to the Missouri Compromise, slavery was prohibited in this area. Emerson died in 1843 and gave everything to his widow woman Irene including Scott and his family. Scott now wanted to work toward his freedom because he argued that he was taken away from the free state of Illinois against his will. The greet rule against Scott saying he was unable to rule under the motor lodge because hes an African American. He ultimately lost his case in a 7 to 2 ruling.

If African Americans were U.S. citizens, thus they mustiness have all in all of the rights of other citizens, including the right to sue in a federal court. Therefore, the first question in front the court involved the Constitutions definition of a citizen.

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The second question before the Court involved the kinds of limits the Constitution puts on equitys about property. If slaves were property, then Congress faced the same limits when it made a natural law about slavery as when it made a law about property.

The court argued that Scott was not a Citizen because slaves were considered property and could not rule under the federal court. According to the Court, the drafters of the Construction had viewed all African Americans as beings of an inferior order, and altogether...

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