1863 - 1944
Edvard manducate was a Norwegian artist whose brooding and hag-ridden paintings and graphic works, based on personal grief and obsessions, were slavish in the development of expressionism.
Edvard scranch grew up in Norways capital, Oslo, thence called Christiania. His father, Christian Munch -- brother of the well-known historian P.A. Munch -- was a deeply religious military doctor earning a modest income. His wife, who was 20 years his junior, take apartd of tuberculosis when Edvard was only volt years old, and Edvards older sister, Sophie, died of the disease at the get on with of 15. Edvard himself was practically ill. A younger sister was diagnosed with mental illness at an early age. Of the five siblings only one, Andreas, ever married, only to die a few months after the wedding.
His childhood home was culturally stimulating, but in his art Munch turned once again and again to the memory of illness, death and grief.
Munch began painting at the age of 17 in Christianity (now Oslo). A state grant, awarded in 1885, enabled him to instruction briefly in Paris. For 20 years thereafter Munch worked chiefly in Paris and Berlin. At first influenced by impressionism and postimpressionism, he then turned to a highly personal style and content, increasingly concerned with images of illness and death.
In 1892, in Berlin, an exhibition of his paintings so shocked the authorities that the show was closed. Undeterred, Munch and his sympathizers worked throughout the 1890s toward the development of German expressionist art. perhaps the best known of all Munchs work is The Scream (1893, Nasjonalgalleriet, Oslo). This, and the agonizing The Sick Child (1881-86, Nasjonalgalleriet), reflect Munchs childhood trauma, Melancholy suffuses paintings such(prenominal) as The Bridge --in limp figures with featureless or concealed faces, over which loom the threatening shapes of...
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