Tuesday, April 30, 2019

Youth Work in Schools Research Methodology Essay

Youth Work in Schools Research Methodology - Essay Exampleal, 2008, 63). Much much detailally, however, the authors attempt to better understand how and to what degree youthfulness work can affect learning outcomes of margenalized and disengaged students, including the alleged(prenominal) quietly disengaged that whitethorn not frequently the central topic of educational research (Morgan et. al, 2008, 2), because of the lack of their transparent need when compared to other similarly marginalized students. In particular, this work attempts to dissect many of the soft educational outcomes that may be improved or affected by youth work, such as raising self-esteem, change magnitude young peoples confidence, building relationships, challenging values and beliefs etc (Morgan et. al, 2008, 46). These outcomes, though obviously incredibly classical for the healthy development of young people in any educational purlieu, can be a difficult target to track or put political will into beca use of the lack of measureable objectives. This research attempts to bring on the degree to which youth work can be effective in achieving these soft outcomes, while simultaneously understanding how youth work, an inlump educational tool, can be integrated into the formal educational environment of schools. ... Furthermore, soft depth psychology gives the researchers the ability to use the findings of educational professionals in their own words, which obviously helps generate change magnitude validity and a more thorough understanding of the subtleties and complexities involved in the research (Cohen, et. al., 2000, 31). The researchers used a soft form of coding, whereby they would group similar types of responses together and attempt to give their reader a right idea of majority or frequently cited opinions, often to be immediately followed by a a couple of(prenominal) specifics each paraphrased or given in full quotation. When describing the first question of interviews, f or instance, the researchers said that while the youth workers launched into a straightforward response by outlining their work the schools perceived informal education in quite a different light while those from Youthreach understood it in the context of a programme that was, in the first instance, divorced from school giving a characterization of frequent responses, followed by analysis, and finally specific examples which are not quoted here (Morgan et. al., 2008, 70). Obviously one significant issue with this type of qualitative analysis is that it grants the researcher incredible amounts of leeway in characterizing results, and deciding where to put emphasis this can be either beneficial, focusing on small ideas of great importance, or detrimental, such as possibly ignoring or under-representing crucial trends or frequent responses. This research piece used a wide variety of different qualitative research methods In-depth interviews with key informants from youth work, schoo ls and Youthreach A worksheet/questionnaire for young people with experience of informal practices in formal settings Focus

Monday, April 29, 2019

Urban Development Study Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words - 8

urban Development Study - Assignment ExampleNew urbanism considers everyone in the society both the rich and the less(prenominal) advantaged. Real estate housing provides shelter for both the rich and the poor.Greenhouse buildings, which consume less power, ar also included herein. Such buildings least pollute the environment and use natural lighting to tailor-make on electrical consumption. Some employ special ultraviolet glass that does not allow in too much heat nor reflect it to drivers and cause accidents. In general, the idea visualizes a city where in that location is reduced traffic congestion, adequate housing, and rise in suburban extension.Bicol River, the river of our time points at the importance of rivers more(prenominal) so in transport. The river is able to accommodate relatively large vessels. Rivers form part of the hydrologic cycle when it comes to precipitation, water provision, cool environment, maintaining water tables amongst others.The Bicol River has all owed Catholics living in the ara in their annual Virgin Mary celebrations. This boosts heathen identity that in turn spurs environmental protection and encourages social bonding. Embracing culture encourages the community to stick around together and care for each other.Jane Jacobs urban wisdom tries to seek and a plea for the rights of those who live in the slums. urban planners feel that slums deprive the society of the clean environment causing more harm than good. Urban planners carry out land use analysis and opt to destroy slums since their cost-benefit ratio is not convincing. She positive concepts such as the mixed up development, which was not openly accepted. Mixed developments, integration pedestrian connections are a few examples.The focus is to allow adequate housing, reduce travel distance, stronger and more compact contiguity amongst others.

Sunday, April 28, 2019

Taxation, Pensions, and the Issues Associated the Social Security Research Paper

Taxation, Pensions, and the Issues Associated the Social Security Trust monetary fund - Research Paper ExampleThe fact of the dep lay off is that the Social Security Trust Fund is comprised of two separate funds. The first of these is of course the OASI Trust Fund (Old Age and Survivors Insurance Fund) whereas the second is that of the DI Fund (Disability Fund) (Shelton, 2008). Whereas the first fund is the one that is of course the largest and is most referenced within the media and concerns over budgeting etc, the second one is lesser known and is primarily responsible for providing payments to those individuals who had been working at one point but due to injury or illness are no seven-day capable of performing work. Combined, both programs owe the American people approximately 2.93 trillion dollars as of the end of 2011 (Papps, 2012). The number in and of itself is but a snapshot of current obligations and as such cannot be viewed as a means of seeking to understand the level to which the program will be able to come up to changes in economics or the retirement of subsequent generations. The unfortunate fact of the land site is that the social credential program itself is suffering from what many have called an eventual and sustained death. Due to the fact that the government has mismanaged the situation with Social Security for such a longer period of time, short-sightedly borrowing from it at every functional instance, the level to which the program can sustain itself and continue to cover the liabilities that it necessarily engenders is not projected to polish off place long after the year 2030 (Quirk, 2003).

Saturday, April 27, 2019

Summary Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 250 words

Summary - Assignment ExampleIt had also adopted active industrial policies that lured foreign enthronisation in exchange of knowledge transfer. An separate important element of its success has been its proximity to Hong Kong where inflow of metropolis and know how was easy. By focusing on backward areas that were near Hong Kong, it introduced reallocation of labor from agriculture to other activities. The local government and entrepreneurs were given incentives to introduce reforms. The reforms and industrial revolution was accompanied by high timberland low waged human skill and infrastructure that was able to mass produce. China has not followed the traditional western sandwich culture of best practices but has concentrated on improved performance through incentive operate approach, especially during transition period of growth and development. Indeed, while China lacks in freedom, the billion plus population is high growth market for foreign investment. It has introduced fres h reforms to incorporate the concern regarding environment concern, human rights and more than conducive environment for foreign business. This is a way to declare that its growth is not merely a bubble with short life span. Reference Case study Understanding a Development Miracle China.

Friday, April 26, 2019

Strategic Planning & Decision Making (SWOT Analysis) PART ONE Assignment

Strategic Planning & Decision Making ( gussy up Analysis) PART ONE - Assignment showcaseThe source to be ranked first is Kneer (2009), given that it is a book, reviewed keenly by numerous scholars to begin with being published thus, it has an attribute of reliability and accuracy. The second source to be preferred is MBA lecutures (2010), since it belongs to a collection of lectures who are capable of offering accurate and reliable information. The third source is MarketingTeacher.com (2013) which has reliable information base on ideas gathered from different scholars. The fourth ranked source is Wendel (2012), which is written by a cognize author, while Quality-Assurance-Solutions.com (2013) is ranked last due to lack of a specific writer.3. Information gathered from the SWOT analysis can be applied in making strategic decisions since the manager is able to assign the relevant resource needed to implement the strategies without under application or over application of resourc es. Moreover, the manager is able to identify the weakness in order to focus on improving and strengths to utilize them for a competitive advantage. On the other hand, there is a need to identify the opportunities in the business environment, in this way the managers can utilize these opportunities at the advantage of the business. The business should also focus on the identifying the threats confront by the business in order to plan ways for dealing with shortcomings that may arise in future of the businesses.c) European Commission. (2007). SWOT (Strengths Weaknesses Opportunities and Threats) Analysis. For Learn. Retrieved on Jan 20 2012 from

Thursday, April 25, 2019

The future of television Term Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1750 words

The future of goggle box - Term Paper ExampleLife has become so fast that it has made things very complex straight off those things be preferred which atomic number 18 convenient and fasthence each(prenominal) these things have dented the popularity of televisions on a larger scale. Television is merely a social trend,the yard behind this is the way it has impacted the lifestyle of individuals, especially in the nights as people have more time to relax and enjoy. Since electricity was invented people got time to stay up even after blackout, without having to delectation expensive candle lights. Stereo then offered development in the night shows that attracted family members together. Television then include a visible element to this. People started purchasing TVs, and invested their time on such shows which were of their interest and after became part of their lifestyle. Celebrity Travel sources, outfits designs, signature conditions like Broth Nazi, or I love it when a plan c omes together, or many other such factors become an aspect of everyday use, and their popularity change magnitude among the masses. People started to get awareness by the help of a television. During the 40s and the 50s, individuals considered new fishing reelsfor the films. These were modified and cleaned up to make them appropriate viewing for all age groups. By the Sixties information was being tasteful transmitted to United States houses live. Every champion was seeing movies, especially of the Vietnam War. This helped in spreading awareness of the massacre and portraying the bureau that vested with the US during the Vietnam War. And because of limited variety of broadcasters(3 systems back then), viewing TV was at limited occasion, as vast variety of individuals considered the same broadcasts and distributed the same information. A new social trend is going on with television since the past 25 years. With the development of wire systems, there has been a change in technology . Fewer individuals defend the same broadcasts, and if they watched the same they usually do at different times of the day, thanks to TIVO. There are more intimately precise and aggressive broadcasts available on wire, whose impact is still controversial. Because of this the stakeholders are beauteous pessimistic about the future of television Technology is now making viewing on sine qua non more common, or at least viewing broadcasts at viewers comfort rather than broadcaster plans. Fridays and Saturdays are considered to be the most desired time for airing such broadcasts.Now repeat and complete broadcasts take those areas, as individuals are now more interested to spend their time on other recreations. Promoters are now using various means to target their audience. And with computer systems becoming extremely effective, televisions and computers are functioning at the same time to provide entertainment to the masses. Its an ongoing trend with no certainty of what its future m ight be like.The one thing that seems obvious is that it testament not be a change that finishes easily, as the technological asylum regularly changes how individuals approach various devices and their means of entertainment but despite that the use of television will not diminish. Since the advent of tablets, laptops, smartphones etc. life has become very remote for all. Today all individuals prevail their own phones and other devices which make it easy for them to access their favorite shows, news and other entertainment forms without having to await it for their airing on television.(White, 348). These devices have helped in raising

Wednesday, April 24, 2019

The Strength of a Marketing Communication of a Japanese or Korean Auto Research Paper

The Strength of a Marketing intercourse of a Japanese or Korean Auto Manufacturer - Research Paper ExampleEvidently, it has initiated figment processes such as electric vehicles, which it has sold on the global platform. It is worth indicating that Toyota is categorized as wiz of the outstanding entities both within the country and within the US. It is the foremost entity to come up with produce crown of thorns vehicles and pushing them into the US market. These hybrid vehicles include the Camry hybrid and the Highlander Hybrid (Toyota 2011). The company is speeding up at developing vehicles that only run on electricity (Mytelka & Boyle, 2008). The company is known in devising formula 3 engines and their auto parts. Toyota also develops multitask robots destined for leisure and for cable caring the elderly. As it seeks to continue be dominant in the automobile industry in producing luxurious vehicles, Toyota makes the new Kluger appealing to the luxurious genesis through dive rgent communication methodologies.Reinkingh & Stobart (2005) indicates that the new Kluger is portrayed as a familial car that caters for families needs. A fancy car that appears elegant and most importantly safe for the family. This car is ideal for the family as it is a seven roomy seater vehicle (Toyota 2011). It offers litheness of changing the seats arrangement to the one that is deserving to an individual. This car facilitates family trips as it has a DVD player at the rear seat backed by common chord wireless headphones to keep both children and adults content on their way to their destination.Toyota (2011) indicates that this car is designed to alter recreation from the living room to the vehicle. Since the children are fond of listening music and watching movies, this car is portrayed as facilitating their enjoyment by offering them a form of entertainment during the journey. At times, the journey may be tedious and boring and to eliminate this, a medium of entertainment is therefore necessary to prevent the stimulate from being extremely

Tuesday, April 23, 2019

On Epictetus Discourse About Wealth and Freedom Essay

On Epictetus Discourse About Wealth and Freedom - Essay ExampleOne thinks that wealthiness brings freedom and so he seeks to own gold, diamonds, lands and slaves through whatever means including what has been menti whizzd earlier. Another considers a high political situation as something that would bring him freedom and in the modern world education is regarded by most as the means to freedom. To Epictetus, he uses the first argument and links wealth and freedom in a mode that is debatable in an era where wealth is widely sought for, one that contradicts modern lifestyles, disagreeing that wealth brings freedom. Epictetus counts wealth as something that enslaves rather than frees someone because these are not the things that make men free rather are the ones that bound them to slavery. He considers owning nothing as having freedom, a concept that most of the population today strength not agree with. One might laugh as well at such a concept, for how could a wealthy man be ens laved when he has the means to own his own slaves and be the gain of other people? The philosopher explains his arguments with examples that strongly support his thoughts, qualifying it as a serious thought one should think about not only by the seekers in his time but also in this period where it is believed to be most needed. Looking into his philosophies, one would obligate an illumination of his considerations and is guaranteed to be more addicted to agreeing than questioning. First, the philosopher considered revere and said that no one really fears Caesar but that they fear death, exile, deprivation of property, prison and disenfranchisement (Matheson, p. 72). thrall to fear is not actually caused by men, not even powerful men, but is caused by what a mortal wants, things that he holds on to. This is the reason why Epictetus argues that having nothing, which includes wanting nothing, will release a person from fears. When an individual has properties, and is so attached to them, he would do everything he can to protect it from those who desire to have it, like robbers. Wealth brings fear of losing it, fear of calamities, fear of people and things that would destroy and grab it away from him because a wealthy man is a slave to his fears, and is punished on his mind as to therapeutic how he should protect himself and his wealth. Sometimes, wealthy people also fear for their lives, because it is inevitable that when a person is after his wealth, he would plan to do all sorts or ways including unthinkable ones only to protect himself, including sidesplitting possible witnesses, killing the wealthy man. This is the reason why most of the rich ensure their security by paying thousands of dollars for security alarms and guards. Still, it does not give a hundred percent guarantee that they would all cast for their purpose because as the rich man can be vigilant in his ways, robbers could also be more vigilant in their plans, thus, the fear continues an d still is a master of the wealthy man. Money and wealth could be in a persons possession but he could still be a slave not to men but to an abstract yet gripping master called fear and what could be worse than to serve something that is within ones self. Epictetus argues that one who is truly free is one who distinguishes what is his and what is not his, that he owns nothing but his will and to recognize that everything he has is Gods, so that if people take it away from him, he should let it be and if they leave him in peace, he should let it be and not worry much about the matter. Furthermore, the philosopher speaks about what people love, which can also serve as another master. People love wealth, the tribunate, the praetorship and the consulship (p. 72) which, in search for it, would cause a person to enslave himself to whatever matters and manners he

Monday, April 22, 2019

Assess the strengths and weaknesses of Rational choice theory(RCT) as Essay

Assess the strengths and weaknesses of Rational natural selection conjecture(RCT) as an analytic framework for politics and IR - Essay ExampleBecker was the first to develop the theory and use rational actor models in economic widely. According to Rational action theory, when there are some(prenominal) course of action to carry out a task, an individual will choose the one which he thinks is most likely to be the best rewarding (Ogu, 2013). This paper will focus on operation of RCT in mental image of Politics and International Relation, with its benefits and drawbacks.In politics and economics, competition has been the main drive for greater power for scarce resources. Semblance of politics and economics and, unravelled nature of relationship between economic and governmental competition of goods in former case and for power and privilege in the later, has made the theorist to harbor economic methods in the study of politics.Some researches show that individuals or representat ives in economic and political paradigm acts in the resembling manner on overall value scale while taking segmentation in market of political activity. In this way, the research shows that the voters are inherently the same as costumers because the same individual is a voter and a customer simultaneously (Tullock, 2006). Since its development by Becker, the rational choice theory came along way and stormed the field of political science. It is because of two important advantages which rational choice theory possesses over its rival theories that are first, the theory possesses immense analytical advantage. Then, secondly, it is not a mere theory, sooner a technique to develop theories. Although, it work with certain other theories, however, it explains the behaviour of political actors while qualification selection from a certain set of options in order to get their goal with minimal input. Briefly, it illustrates the fashions and ways in which people behave when provided with c hoices. Similarly, this theory entails the behaviour explicitly depicted by the

Racial Profiling by the Police Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 words

Racial Profiling by the Police - Research Paper ExampleEveryone must make up experienced profiling at least once in his/her life, but primarily persons are targeted. much(prenominal) profiling is exercised by nation in authority including school administrators, security personnel, criminal justice and constabulary en military posturement agencies. Police profiling is a type of racism carried out by the law of nature officials against the offender. It has been seen that this problem has been popular in even the most developed parts of the populace and it becomes the main reason of discrimination against the civilians. The police part is considered to be one of the most influential departments in all the countries and, hence, racial profiling by this department can lead to many problems within the infrastructure of the country. Recently, the congressman Keith Ellison picked a fight against the department by voicing his concerns for the Muslim Americans. Ellison stated Racial st ereotyping is simply not good policing.. It threatens the values Americans ascertain dear. He argued that he himself was a target of this discrimination and wanted the relevant authorities to civilise into notice the current problem going inside one of the most developed countries in the world (as cited in Diaz 2012). Racial profiling threatens our fundamental principles. Racial profiling by law enforcement agencies and the associated prosecution of people of colored skin is one much(prenominal) example. It targets people on artificial basis of color on matters of law enforcement, causing hindrances in policing efforts and making law enforcement agencies lose their credibility within the community which they cook vowed to protect and serve. The police force is looked up to maintain fairness and justice in a troupe the disgraceful exercise of racial profiling has caused people to fear the system. This unjust practice remains stigma on democratic nations and an insult to the cla ims of racial equality. It is, however, imperative that the origins of racial profiling by the police force and criminal investigators are highlighted. In the 1950s, a high-profile officer at the Federal Bureau of Investigation, Howard Teten, introduced and popularized the mere touch sensation of racial profiling by analyzing the attributes and traits of the criminal, his past records and the situation at the crime scene. This practice of profiling, even though stereotypical in nature, spilled over to the police force with time. Since September 11, 2001, racial profiling has grown and the Obama brass instrument and FBI guidelines have been codified by these practices such as the dishonorable treatment of Muslims and Arabs as suspects, denying them equality of ingenuousness and protection under law. What has been more disturbing is the federal governments backing of record searches of immigrants, such as Latino and Mexican communities, by the local law enforcement agencies. Because any legal cure for racial discrimination by law enforcement presently necessitates specific evidence of committed to discriminate, it is exceedingly problematic, if not impossible, for whiz sufferers to voice

Sunday, April 21, 2019

Human Resource Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3000 words

Human Resource - Essay illustrationTo attract top performance, design the aspects to include where to place the ad of the fallen job vacancy with appetising job descriptions, design methodologies of referrals, with the help of IT department design an appealing c atomic number 18er web page opening and make time line when to give the candidates calls. Schedule and organize interviews to evaluate competency, skills and creating opportunity.In creating effective referrals programmes as the HR manager should use both employee referrals programs and internship models as the recruitment process is an all year event. This get out bring to pass unlimited referral program in which the employees will assist continually in identifying of the best significant candidates for the job for future and current opportunities. No maximum cap should be placed for referrals submission and to create an effective program, tagging of a referral should be done and in-case hired an incentive fees (LuisR. Gmez-Meja, 2012).This is an essential component of strategy in the hotel organization in that it helps the management to evaluate if the set out performance meets the business objectives. Performance managements tie in the behaviour of each individual employee to that of the hotel and with definition of expectation from each of the employees. This will help the hotels to determine the expectations met and those are not meet and take necessary actions which includes training, incentives or even disciplining of individual employees. To achieve this strategic destruction a measurements are applied to the hotel goals and the feedback is timely communicated to the employees in the respective departments and the line managers advised to take impound actions.The strategic administrative purpose of the system helps the hotel to make use of the information generated on daily terra firma to aid in decision making in salary, benefits, hiring and in training programs recognition. This mode of management helps in retaining the best

Saturday, April 20, 2019

Radiology Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2750 words

radiology - Essay Example from individually one of these is important in recognizing radiological feature, ascribing a level of importance to the various finding in a single radiograph, and interpreting them, in conjunction with other available information.Knowledge of the clinical reason for requiring the radiographic investigating will provide background information to link with the radiological finding, and will often pose peculiar(prenominal) questions that need to be answer. It is important to decide if the question is been adequately answered, and if not plan the next spot of the investigation.Radiology is not limited for some uses it is employ in approximately all the field of treatment of diseases. Radiology is been used in Cardiology, Endocrinology, Gastroenterology, Hematology, Neurology, Renal, Skeletal, and Respiratory Medicine. In these palm different types of radiograph is been used for different fields such as for the complete scanning of brain, CT-scan is used and for the complete bodies a different type. The type of radiology, which is been used in the field of dental surgery, is either plain radiology or a different type, as plain radiology, shows limited evidence of pathology and the signs are subtle. We direct to discuss about the usage of radiography in the field of dental surgeries, this can solve the problems regarding the present use of radiography in the dental field. We have to consider the standard guidelines and methods given by the Government organizations for overcoming the problems with radiography used for dental surgeries. About the alveolar consonant profession As we, all know that the dental profession is committed to delivering the highest quality of care to each of its individual patient and... In most of the countries, the health and safety at work statistics states that both person working in a hospital or general practice (referred to as HCWs) has a legal duty to ensure that all necessary steps are taken to prev ent cross-infection to nourish themselves, their colleagues and the patients. In addition, the management of health and safety regulations 1992 requires that a risk assessment is carried out for all procedures to boil down the possibility of harm to staff and patients. Effective infection control measures are therefore required in dental radiography even though most investigations are regarded as non-invasive or non-exposure prone procedures because they do not involve breaches of the mucosa or skin. The main risk of cross-infection is from one patient to another from salivary contamination of work areas and equipment. HCWs themselves are not a great risk during radiography solely there are no grounds for complacency. This paper makes a conclusion that a dentist essential know the patients health history and Vulnerability to oral disease, is in the best daub to make this judgment in the interest of each patient. For this reason, the guidelines are intended to serve as a resource for the practitioner and are not intended to be a standard of care, requirement, or regulations. A Dentist essential always understand the problem of the patient and as per the guidelines a dentist must perform his operation so that the patient does not complain of any kind of problem in future.

Friday, April 19, 2019

Film Evaluation Reports Movie Review Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 5000 words

Film military rank Reports - Movie Review ExampleWhile there is a tendency to see such fool aways as slighter forms of look at, they can and should be appreciated for the way in which they show how cultures can take a lighter view of themselves and of their mythologies. Films that use silliness as a basis for their entertainment be ofttimes making light of aspects of society in order to shed a light on how dependable mankind beings some(a)times take themselves. Woochi (2009) is first set 500 years in the past, a tarradiddle of mythologies and piece politics creating a set up for the events that will take place in the present. The film begins with a story of goblins who steal an item called the Pipe of the Prophecy, the piece having powers that should not get into the wrong hands. The crimp is used by the one god to keep the others, each representing the lunar calendar year. Three demi-gods are trying involved in trying to keep the flute from the goblins, or demons, but when they fail, they ask the cooperate of the Taoist Wizards who are able to retrieved the flute. However, the Master wizards apprentice, who is a bit self classical and has a huge pride problem, is accused of a murder and he takes the flute and sets himself into a multicolour manuscript to hide. When it is discovered that both he and the flute are in the manuscript, one of the wizards, Hwadom, goes into the manuscript, only to bring to pass that once he is near the flute, he himself is one of the demons. This is a secret to those demons who take human form. They occlude that they are demons until they are near the flute. Through a series of coincidences, the flute is torn into three pieces, gum olibanum preventing Hwadom from getting the flute and putting it back together. In modern day Seoul, the goblins start once over again causing mischief and the three demigods decide to set Woochi free in order to stop the problem. The goblins, disguise as humans, are outside of any curre nt means to stop them, so setting Woochi, who has some of the same knowledge of the Taoist wizards from 500 years previous, seems the best way to handle the problem. They convince Woochi to sponsor them, and all of them being in modern day Korea leads to a great deal of humor base upon the conflict of how people of another time would deal with modern day life. 2.) What does the film reveal somewhat the personality and interests of the filmmaker? What does the film reveal about the attitude of the filmmaker toward his subject? Explain fully. The film engages myth in order to set up its conflicts and to find ways in which to express human hopes and fears through personifications. The nature of the lunar calendar creatures is to personify specific aspects of the dark side of humanity, thus discussing the human existence through this type of literary study. In creating supernatural elements, the real world is reflected in such a way as to create a sectional discussion of different em otional give out of being human. Mythology often isolates aspects of human existence so that those elements can be explored through a less complex examination. This is often the case with humor as well. Humor allows for a piece of literature to much closely examine a part of human life by isolating a part of it and looking at it from various, unusual perspectives. In this film, the concepts of drinking, bumbling, and sexuality are looked at from the perspective of outsiders looking in, as the time variance creates an alien atmosphere for the main characters. Using aspects of

Thursday, April 18, 2019

Amazon's Data Assurance Policies Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words

viragos Data Assurance Policies - Assignment Example amazons customers receive immediate notification of whether the feat has been successful. This is done first immediately online, giving them an opportunity to keep a printed record as well as being stored in their account history, which is visible online. An electronic mail is also sent to the customer as a further notification and surety measure.In a credit humor transaction there are three stages to processing an order namely, certificate of the cardholder, authorization for the transaction from the card issuer, and eventually settlement by the card issuer with Amazon. Once the card issuer authorizes the transaction Amazon will send a confirmation to the customer. In a successful credit card transaction for an existing customer the following information assurance policies are embedded within Amazons order processing system to safeguard customers, Amazon and the card issuer against the risk of identity stealingAmazons infor mation assurance policies ensure that it does not collect any data from customers that is not required either to facilitate online transactions or to improve the quality of their experience whilst on the site. For example, poop the scenes, Amazon ensures that all credit card numbers are transferred to and stored on a computer that is not accessible by network or modem or connected to the Internet. This is done via a one-way interface. This acts as another layer of protection from internal security risks as most staff will scram no reason to access that server.Often the weakest point in the information assurance policy is interaction with the end-user, as an organization relies on the end-user to keep private data correct and safeguard against threats to the integrity of network systems to which they nurture access. Amazons success here is mixed. For example, customers are forced to keep their personal data accurate in order to be authenticated for purchasing from the site and A mazon does not collect personal data for any other reason.

Wednesday, April 17, 2019

Poverty In Canada Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words

Poverty In Canada - Essay ExampleUNISEF has found out that child poorness rate in Canada, which is ace among the wealthiest nations of the world, was 14.9% in 1990s (Raphael, p.11 of preface). Canadas treatment of its poor, single mothers and natives had come til now under the UN criticism and the UN Committee on economic, Social and Cultural Rights had remarked that the country has not ensured Canadians enjoy stinting and social rights guaranteed by a UN covenant to which Ottawa is a signatory (Raphael, 9). The CCSD National Task rend had given a comprehensive diagrammatic representation for measuring poverty and had listed three important dimensions of public assistance as, economic, psycho-social and insurance policy-making participation (9). The review done by the task force has shown that Canadian society lacks in all told these three dimensions to various degrees (CCSD National Task Force, 9-11). ... The gravity of the posture is so that more than 3m Canadians (or one in ten) are poor and 610,000 of them are children (The Economist). Causes The major cause of poverty in Canada is found to be lower wages that people are getting. It is a social reality that, market incomes have stagnated for all earners, except the most wealthy (Global Economic Justice Report, 2). In 2005, it was observed that one in sextette Canadian workers earns less than $10 an hour (Global Economic Justice Report, 2). A contributing factor to the low-wage situation has been the increases in non-standard work (contracts, half-time work, temporary agency work) and an increased number of so-called involuntary part-time workers-workers who would prefer to work full-time but are unable to find such work (Global Economic Justice Report, 2). As compared to the other rich nations of the world, Canada spends very less money on minimum wages, health and social service investments, education, employment, training, and social infrastructure (Raphael, p.12 of preface). In Canada, it is noted that the people remain poor because, the political and economic system does not provide employment wages or social assistance benefits at a levelthat allow for a life outside of poverty (Raphael, p.11 of preface). Also the public policy does not ensure, affordable accommodate, childcare, and health and social services, thereby straining the resources available tovulnerable groups (Raphael, p.11-12 of preface). The housing caper was so grave for low-income earners that the UN Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights had asked Canadian government to consider low-income housing as a

Tuesday, April 16, 2019

European-English language Essay Example for Free

European- slope talking to EssayAs Ammon Ulrich puts it, the face speech dialogue is the most kind dictions in the cosmos because of its character for being open to separate languages (2002). The side language accepts words and expressions from other languages. It even borrows the native Australian words and expressions of some countries. Such hospitability of the English language can be proved by appealing to the etymologies found in some English terms (Algeo Pyles 2004). Yet, he argued that such hospitability does not entail humbleness.In fact, he argued that the English language has started to dominate the cosmea by making the world accustomed to use and speak the English language (Ammon 2002). The sixteenth, seventeenth and the eighteenth degree centigrade signaled the rise of the English language in Europe (Anderman Rogers 2005). These periods marked the impeccable influence of the English language in the European civilizations. Because of trades and shipping b usinesses, it was said that Europe had increasingly exposed themselves on the English language (Phillipson 2003).The nineteenth century made almost all of the European languages to have distinct affinity with the English language overly the European languages include vocabularies and terms that were derived from the English language (Anderman Rogers 2005). In the twentieth century, England took a very world-shaking role in expanding the influence of the English language in the whole European region. Because of cultural relations, frugal transactions, and global communications, English had truly penetrated Europe.There was this mixed European and English language combination of structures, terms, expressions and styles of the two languages (Anderman Rogers 2005). Nonetheless, in this period, English does not have any special place in European countries. It is not even regarded as an official language by other European countries (Phillipson 2003). Though there atomic number 18 some countries which used English as their native language. There be countries in Europe which are opposed with the idea of translating files and documents from their native language into English (Ammon 2002).Bilingualism is allowed in the European region (Phillipson 2003). However European countries do not think that making the English language as their official language would shed light on significant change for them. As a result, they refuse to consider translations of newspapers, official documents and declarations into the English language. There are separate editions and issues of magazines that are printed and published in English (Ammon 2002). match to the European Union, though the English language has truly proven its importance in internationalist business and communication, it does not necessarily mean that they would ardently adopt it (Anderman Rogers 2005). What happened is that, European countries, together with their cultures, reconstructed the English language with their own native language. For example, the combination of cut and English is called Franglais. The combination of German and English is Denglish, Spanish and English is Spanglish, Dutch and English is Nederengels (Anderman Rogers 2005).Besides this reconstructive memory or the mixing of European languages and the English language, the European Union announces that although the English language is key figure in business communication, local cultures and communication should be first considered. Consequently, English is only regarded as an banausic language used and spoken by the community in Europe (Stavans 2002). Crawfords Heritage spoken languages in America Tapping a Hidden Resource English Language is known as the official language of America (Crawford 1999). All the states of America use and speak of it.There is no such thing as native language except for the fact that America has been inhibited by many other pack with different nationalities and cultures (Cheshire 2007). It is tagged as the melting pot of the world. For this reason, it is undeniable that every attempt to come nuzzle it would mean exposing oneself from the very influential power of the American culture including the use of the English language (Crawford 1999). According to James Crawford, it is inevitable that the world would bend over the English language (1999).Evidently, one cannot survive in the international scene without knowing how to speak and understand English. As repeatedly mentioned in this paper, international communication requires the English language (Crystal 2003). He stressed in his arguments his contention to those countries which try to establish an anti-bilingual campaign (Crawford 1999). It is to be noted that there are really bills and laws that are currently against the use of English as a snatch language. He saw no logical reason for pushing such campaign.American people honor and recognize the role of the English language. They see how it significa ntly affects their lives and the world. No matter how the English language is differently used and spoken by different countries in the world, no doubt that it pushes the world to take a crap big leaps with regards to technological, scientific, political and mostly economic advancements. English language-policy system in America is geared towards the conjunction of native tribes and groups with the whole of America (Johnson, 2000). It does not really undermine or debilitate native languages.It serves as the key weapon in improving the lives of the people, and making them realize that the world is really moving towards modernisation and globalization. There is no way that the English language would not affect the international relations of the world (Cheshire 2007). However, according to James Crawford, it does not imply that other languages would be thrown out of the picture. He insisted that native languages should be tied up with the native languages so as to preserve the cultur e and heritage of particular proposition regions and groups in America while making efforts to advance the quality of life they have (Crawford 1999).Conclusion The English Language cannot really own by one nation. In fact it is not exclusively own by any one. It is a freelancer language which tends to be accessible to all that needs a reciprocal medium for particular and specific purpose. The research studies presented in this paper proves that the English language has really penetrated the international scene leaving either good or bad effects. More so, its evolution took place in the midst of criticisms and oppositions against it.China, Japan, Europe and America admitted that the English language significantly takes part in every faulting of the world. It is a very dynamic language which allows the assimilation and inclusion of almost every other languages and culture. Bilingualism may be seen as problem or threat for others. Nonetheless, bilingualism opens the door for better communication. References Algeo, J. , Pyles, T 2004, The Origins and Development of the English Language (5th ed. ), Heinle. Ammon, U 2002, English As An Academic Language In Europe A play along Of Its Use In Teachin,.Peter Lang Publishing. Anderman, G. M. , Rogers, M 2005, In And Out Of English For Better, For Worse? (Translating Europe, Multilingual Matters Limited. Brownell, J. A1967, Japans second language A critical study of the English language program in the Japanese collateral schools in the 1960s, National Council of Teachers of English. Burchfield, R 2003, The English Language,. Oxford University Press. Burnley, D 2000, The History of the English Language A witnesser Book (2nd ed. ), Longman.Cheshire, J 2007, English nearly the World Sociolinguistic Perspectives, Cambridge University Press. Cheshire, Jenny 1991, Introduction sociolinguistics and English around the world, In Cheshire 1-12. Crane, M 2004, English as a second base Language, Grand Central Publishing . Crawford, J 1999, Heritage Languages in America Retrieved July 2007, 2007 from http//ourworld. compuserve. com/homepages/JWCRAWFORD/HL. htm Crystal, D 2003, English as a Global Language (2nd ed. ), Cambridge University Press. Fennell, B. A 2001, A History of English A Sociolinguistic Approac,.Blackwell Publishing Limited. Gorlach, M. 1991, Studies in Varieties of English around the World, 1984-1988, capital of The Netherlands/Philadephia John Benjamins Publishing Company. Graddol, D 1996. The History of the English Language (First ed. ), Routledge. Hamers, Josiane F. Blanc, Michel H. A 1989, Bilinguality and Bilingualism, Cambridge CUP. Johnson, F. L 2000, Speaking culturally Language Diversity in the United States, Sage Publications, Inc . Kachru, B. B 1992, The Other Tongue ENGLISH crossways CULTURES (2nd ed. ), University of Illinois Press.Kahcru, Braj B 1986, The power and politics of English. In World Englishes, Vol. 5, No. 2/3 121-140. Liu, J 2007, English Language pedagogi cs in China New Approaches, Perspectives and Standard, Continuum International Publishing Group. Marciamo 2005, Japan much accommodating to English speakers than to speakers of other languages, Retrieved July 28, 2007 from Japan Reference http//www. jref. com/language/english_friendly_japan. shtml McMillan, R. R 1999, English as the Second Official Language in Japan?Retrieved July 28, 2007, from Garden City Life http//www.antonnews. com/gardencitylife/1999/12/17/ picture/ Pennycook, Alastair 1994, The Cultural Politics of English as an International Language, Harlow Longman Group Ltd. Phillipson, R 2003, English-Only Europe? Challenging Language Policy (First ed. ), Routledge. Porcaro, J. W 2002, Translating literature and learning culture. (teaching English as a foreign language in Japan, Academic Exchange Quarterly , 6 (4), p. 113. Ross, H. A 1993 China Learns English Language Teaching and Social Change in the Peoples Republic, Yale University Press.Saito, T. , Nakamura, J. , Y amazaki, S 2002, English Corpus Linguistics in Japan, Rodopi. Shaobin, J 2002, English as a Global Language in Chin,. Retrieved July 27, 2007, from ELT Newsletter http//www. eltnewsletter. com/back/May2002/art992002. htm Stanlaw, J 2005, Japanese English Language And The Culture Contact (Bilingual ed. ), Hong Kong University Press. Stavans, I 2002, On Borrowed Words A biography of Language, Penguin Non-classics. Weixing, G 2003, The Origin of English Language Teaching in Chinas School, Monash Asia Institute.

Monday, April 15, 2019

Ethical Issues in Businesses Today Essay Example for Free

good Issues in Businesses Today EssayEthical issues in businesses today There argon a million ethical issues in todays businesses and unfortunately there is no perfect decision measure for all these ethical issues in business. The ethical issues in international businesses are much more complicate and much more delicate, along with being tenfold in numbers. According to Wiley (1995), ethics is concerned with clean obligation, responsibility, and social Justice. She goes on to say that ethics reflects the denotation of the individual and more con temporarily per haps, the character of the business firm, which is a collection of individuals. Mauro et all, 1999) It is evident that ethics play such a crucial image in businesses if we consider the instances like the Enron companys ethical break down. Not only in Enron, but Dilemmas involving discrimination, harassment, fraud, contractual breaches, favouritism and consistent policies regarding pay, rewards and discipline are comm on occurrences in many organizations. (Hartel, C. E. J, Fujimoto, Y, 2010) Industry Wide Ethical Issues in Business Following is a list of industry wide ethical issues in businesses.The riddle with these ethical issues in business is that they are not only really routine and frequent ut they are also more wide-spread Bribing powerful officials in order to arise bids and tenders accepted and bribing competitor employees to get informational leaks is a serious ethical issue in business. In fact, it is a crime that is legally guilty in most countries today. Labor related issues like gender discrimination at workplace, employee harassment, minority connection participation, working conditions and child labor are also some general ethical issues in busines

A Peoples History of the United States vs the Enduring Vision Essay Example for Free

A rafts fib of the United States vs the Enduring survey EssayHow complete be our text record books these days? Yes, they whitethorn cover Christopher capital of Ohios each(prenominal) the way to todays on-going events. But just how complete argon they? Often books tend to lean a certain direction, and furnish perspective from that wholeness load of realise most comm entirely the views of the victors, dominant country or possibly stories of heroes. What ab aside the other side? Far too often the lesser of the two is leftover taboo of the textbooks and out of our minds. There are always two sides to a story, in this case, untold of what we determine is a mere, crackial truth.In the costing paragraphs and analysis, assumptions and generalizations we have made about our country and its heroes will be examined in an in-depth interpretation of the standard the Statesn textbook, The Enduring Vision vs. Howard Zinns, A Peoples History of the United States, a strongly wor ded book meant to offer a varied point of view, one not of the hero, hardly of men they truly were. Everyone knows who discovered America, Christopher Columbus, of course In 1492, Columbus sailed the oceanic blue At a very young age we are taught that, alone thats only half the story.According to, The Enduring Vision, Religious Fervor led Columbus to dream of carrying Christianity around the globe, but he also hungered for wealth and glory. (p. 27) Upon discovery, Columbus became very fond of himself, and what he had done. He discovered a land and a peck that before his discovery never existed. Beca custom of this, Columbuss hunger for wealth and glory came to the forefront. The textbook makes no mention of the less habitualized portions of his life it certainly was not carrying Christianity to the world.The book fails to mention, the cruel and inhumane things that were done to the Native American who currently inhabited the New World. Those actions front to be brushed under the rug, because of the fact that he is an American hero. However, Howard Zinn offers a view from a different perspective. They willingly traded everything they owned. They were well built, with good bodies and handsome featuresThey do not bear arms, and do not know them, for I showed them a sword, they took by the edge and cut themselves out of ignorance. They have no iron.Their spears are made of cane. They would make fine servants. With fifty men we could subjugate them all and make them do whatever we want. (Zinn 17) Columbuss lust for wealth, power, and domination of the people blinded his view of spreading Christianity. In Columbuss report back to the royal court in Madrid, Spain, Columbus uses religious emit to convince the court that he was establishing a community, and to establish fame and a reputation back in Spain. In exchange for a little help, Columbus was to bring them, as more than gold as they charter and as many buckle downs as they ask. Concluding his report he said, Thus the eternal God, our Lord, gives advantage to those who follow His was over apparent impossibilities (Zinn 20) this was not entirely true, his report was exaggerated, however, the court granted him his expanded fleet and men. However, Columbus was not out to colonize the new world, he was looking for his personal gain Gold, and knuckle downs. This American belligerent isnt everything the history books and movies make him out to be. Columbus was a liar, cruel, and was out for glory and fame.Its a sad truth to such an important piece of an American history. As American we would like to intend that Columbus was the man he was made up to be, and definitely not a Christ-like figure. He was much more than an explorer who owned a few slaves he is a man responsible for the asylum of slavery and the murder of many, many Native Americans. Another well-know figure in history has a distorted past, he happens to be one of our most respected presidents Thomas Jefferson. Jeffers on is perhaps most known for his hand in writing the Declaration of Independence.Although Jefferson was a major player in gaining our countrys independence from England he wasnt much for granting independence to a certain group of people in America. Although, it is noted that Jefferson had a personal distaste for slavery, that did not stop him from owning slaves, hundreds of slaves until the day he died. Jefferson even slipped a portion his views into the Declaration of Independence. It is a very common cliche phrase that is known by many, in which he lists property, in a list of unalienable rights. That among these are Life, indecorousness, and property However, Congress didnt approve, and instead, they chose, Life, Liberty and the pursuit of happiness. Slaves were often referred to as property at that time, not human macrocosms, but property, as if they were a possession. So, who really was Jefferson, was he a noble president, who still today re primary(prenominal)s a bragging( a) figure in the history of the United States? Or was he just like everyone else, a slave owner, and didnt truly deliberate that All men are created equal? Personally, I believe that Jefferson was a product of the time period.Being a slave owner was common he was in bourn with what wealthy plantation owners. He may have believed that slavery was not a moral institution, but that doesnt require him to being an abolitionist. According to Zinn, Jeffersons paragraph was removed because, slaveholders themselves with the desirability of ending the slave trade. (Zinn 77) Thomas Jefferson was an extremely intelligent man, and I believe he wrote that, with the foresight of the country in mind. He knew that it should not be a part of America going forward, however, at the time it was a part of life.In addition to that, Jefferson needed to keep his popularity high, and by ending the slave-trade, Jefferson would lose many of his supporters. For this I believe that in this case Zinn may be bia s, he goes after every flaw in people we look up to, and we simply cannot expect them to be perfect. Yes, they may have made some drop away and at generation be hypocritical, but everyone is guilty of that at some time in their life, especially at a time where presidents where selected on what they had done in battle, not in politics. The next residuum comes in the form of another president.Andrew capital of Mississippi, the face of our twenty dollar bill. According to the textbook, capital of Mississippis victory over the British at the Battle of New Orleans made him a national hero, and southerners value him as a Tennessee slaveholder, a renowned Indian fighter, and an advocate of Indian removal 216). Many American regarded Jackson as a Living link to a more virtuous past. Upon, gaining the presidency, one of Jacksons first moves was to remove all the members of upper ranking officeholdersof the rival party. It was not well acquire by many they began calling it the spoils sy stem.He defended his actions by conveying that it was on the basis of land so that more people could work for the government. Jackson often gave jobs to family members or friends before giving the public their fair shake. Jackson was also willing to give jobs to people who werent qualified, because he knew them. This wasnt the only thing that Jackson took heat for his morals got him into more trouble. Jackson was easily bribed, and used deception as well as force to get what he wanted. Whether it was land or gold, Jackson was willing to use his power as president for his gain. Zinn 128) Zinn, points out the fact that this will never be printed in a text book, as Jackson is a face of this country. If you look through high school textbooks and master(a) school text books in American history you will find Jackson the frontiersman, soldier, democrat, man of the people-not Jackson the slaveholder, land speculator, executioner of dissident soldiers, exterminator of the Indians. (Zinn 12 5) Strong and harsh words for a man, especially a president nonetheless. As we have seen in this and past examples, that Zinn emphasizes the other side of the story, the one you dont hear about.Unfortunately, these are stories that everyone should know. Zinn, places an emphasis on teaching what the textbooks dont, the textbooks focus on the spoils and fame of the individual. Howard Zinn provides an alternative view that sheds light on the morals of these men, which are not well publicized. Abraham Lincoln, the savior of the Union, often considered to be one of the best if not the best presidents in the history of the United States. However, this is one of the rare instances in which Zinn agrees with the textbook. For once, Zinn focuses on the results, rather the character.Lincoln didnt believe that the African-Americans were his equal, but he did believe they had the rights of a human being no human should be subject to being owned by another. However, Lincolns main priority was to preserve the Union, and to unite the States of America. The fact that Zinn agrees with the textbook in their positive view of Lincoln, shows the Zinn is not out to attack our great American Heroes. However, Zinn simply wishes for the other side of the story to be told, after all, all this stuff should be taught. Teaching as if this never happened, is like teaching addition without subtraction.Finally, we conclude with notwithstanding another president our first President of the United States, George Washington The fearless and ambitious fiter that America looked to, to become our first president and lead the country in a positive direction. The Enduring Vision says it well, American Victory depended on the ability of one man to keep his army fighting notwithstanding defeat (120) Washingtons record in battle was poor, he lost more times than he won. However, the important part was that the people followed him. George was exceptionally tall for this time, so people naturally looked to him to lead them-despite losing.However, Washington was a slaveholder himself. Although, he did free them before he died. During the Revolutionary war, Washington did patch down a request of black slaves to fight in the army. (Zinn 83) Despite, his downfall, George Washington was an honorable man, who was the perfect preference for first President of the United States. Zinn tends to tarnish Washingtons reputation, with some of the things he chooses to publish he gives Washington little credit for his accomplishments. In fact, I believe that Washingtons failures is what makes him such an insightful historical figure, failure spurred his ambition for bigger and better things.In conclusion, I have determined that much of what is printed is only partial truth. Thanks to Howard Zinn, people can explore the character that shaped out country. Although Zinn may seem to attack these men, he is simply pointing out that they werent the men they are made out to be in modern day history bo oks and films. After reading, A Peoples History of the United States, I am very pleased that someone decided that the truth must be told even though it is not always what we want to hear.

Saturday, April 13, 2019

Imelda Marcos Essay Example for Free

Imelda Marcos EssayImelda R. Marcos (born Imelda Remedios Visitacion Romualdez on July 2, 1929) is a Filipino politician and leave behind of former Philippine President Ferdinand Marcos. Upon the ascension of her husband to political power, she held various positions to the government until 1986. She is the first politician elective as member of the Philippine legislature in three geographical locations (Manila, Leyte, Ilocos Norte). In 2010, she was elected to become a member of the House of Representatives to represent Ilocos Nortes second district.She is sometimes referred to as the Steel butterfly stroke or the Iron Butterfly. 12 She is often remembered for symbols of the extravagance of her husbands political reign, including her collection of 2,700 pairs of shoes. 3 Ancestry Marcos was born in Manila, Philippines. Her maternal ancestors were wealthy, landed and prominent, and claimed to have founded the town of Tolosa, Leyte. The Lopezes were descended from the Spanish friar and silversmith Don Francisco Lopez, originally from Granada, in the Andalusian region of Spain.Together with Fray Salustiano Buz, he arrived by way of Acapulco to build Roman Catholic missions in the island provinces of Samar and Leyte (Buz would establish his home base in Palapag, Samar, the exit-entry point of the Manila Galleons in the Visayas islands). 4 Early life and charge Her branch of the family was not political. Her father, Vicente Orestes Romualdez, a law professor at Saint Pauls College and the administrator of the Romualdez Law Offices founded by his brother (Imeldas Uncle), Philippine Supreme Court Justice Norberto Lopez Romualdez, was a scholarly man more concerned in music and culture than public life.He was a traditionalist, preferring to teach in Spanish speckle the rest of the students and faculty spoke English and Tagalog. Marcos had a younger brother, Benjamin Romualdez (1930-2012). 5 Her mother, Remedios Trinidad y de Guzman or Remedios T. Romualdez, a former boarder at the Asilo de San Vicente de Paul (Looban Convent) in Paco, Manila, was said to have been born out of wedlock, the chela of a friar. 6 Remedios was from the town of Baliuag, Bulacan, and her own mother was from Capiz.

Friday, April 12, 2019

Intro to Greek Mythology Influence Essay Example for Free

Intro to classic Mythology Influence EssayIntroduction In order to commiserate the impact of Greek mythology on Western culture one must understand what Greek mythology itself is. Greek Mythology is the belief, tales, and stories of ancient gods who ruled the ancient world as well as heroes who challenged the gods or some who fought for them. legion(predicate) of these tales include moral stories and shaped humanistic values of what and what not to do.The ancient Greece Empire was located more than or less the Mediterranean Sea and touched parts of what was called minor Asia (Howstuffwork 2010). In these times the belief was that ancient gods were a part of everyday life. Supposedly the gods rules all aspect of life such as the production of food, home(prenominal) life, war and social life such as fortune and love.The people mad sacrifices to these gods to please them and many died fighting for these gods, which no one actually saw because of their home on Mount Olympus. Gr eek mythology was more than just stories to these people it was actually a religion, which formed and shaped political nature of Ancient Greece as well. Greek mythology attempts to explain the origins of the world and the reasons for occurrences in the world.The time period of when Greek mythology began is not really affirm it is estimated around 800 BC, but there have been accounts of earlier pottery and artifacts which show images of the gods. These mythical stories have stood against the littoral zone of time and even today are used in modern language and societies.Howstuffworks Ancient Greece. (n.d.). HowStuffWorks apprehend How Everything Works. Retrieved February 10, 2011, from http//www.howstuffworks.com/ancient-greece.htm/printable

Wednesday, April 10, 2019

The Great Gatsby Thesis Paper Essay Example for Free

The Great Gatsby Thesis Paper renderThis is a valley of ashes a fantastic farm where ashes grow kindred wheat into ridges and hills and grotesque gardens where ashes suck in the forms of houses and chimneys and rising smoke and, finally, with a transcendent effort, of men who move dimly and already crumbling through the small-grained air. (23) The image Fitzgerald creates in this passage is not a very pleasant one, depicting the impoverished in a filth ridden valley, masked by the overpowering presence of the ashes. The entire landscape is grey and dense the hills, the houses, and even the people. This is a dramatic contrast to the lives of the wealthy, where everything is shiny, new, and always changing, whereas the ashes are perpetual and dismal.Every time mountain pass describes the Valley of Ashes, something grim is happening, or about to happen. For example, after Myrtle is killed, Wilsons glazed eyes move out to the ashheaps, where small grey clouds took on fantast ic shapes and scurried here and there in the faint percolate win. (159) Wilson has almost completely lost himself at this point, and when he looks out to the ashheaps he is seeing what his life was poverty. Unchangeable, sable poverty, that he couldnt get Myrtle or himself out of.However, in WIlsons delusion, he feels exchangeable there is a way he can make things right. He has to go and find Tom, who he believed to be driving the death car and kill him to avenge Myrtle. Once he finds out soulfulness else had been driving the car, he goes to find Gatsby. A new world, material without being real, where poor ghosts, breathing dreams like air, drifted fortuitously about Like that ashen, fantastic figure gliding toward him through the amorphous trees. (161) After Wilson shoots Gatsby, he also shoots himself because he feels like he has no other way to escape his life of hardship, and notch describes his body as being ashen which invokes the image of the dull, grey valley where Wils on had lived. He didnt kick the bucket in the fast paced life of the wealthy, and wouldnt have been able to handle itbecause of how weak minded he was. The poor were trapped in poverty, under the formidable ashes.

Tuesday, April 9, 2019

Literature of Knowledge Essay Example for Free

literary productions of Knowledge EssayFirst printed in The North Briton Review, August, 1848, as part of a review of The Works of Alexander Pope, ed. W. Roscoe, 1847. What is it that we mean by lit? Popularly, and amongst the purposeless, it is held to complicate eitherthing that is printed in a book. Little logic is required to disturb that definition. The most thoughtless person is well made aw are that in the creative thinker of literature one essential element is, ? some analogy to a general and uncouth interest of cosmos, so that what applies altogether to a local or professional person or only if personal interest, til now though presenting itself in the shape of a book, will non belong to literature. So far the definition is easily narrowed and it is as easily expanded. For non unaccompanied is much that takes a station in books not literature, entirely, inversely, much that really is literature never reaches a station in books. The weekly sermons of Chri stendom, that vast pulpit literature which acts so extensively upon the popular mentality? to warn, to uphold, to renew, to comfort, to alarm? does not attain the sanctuary of libraries In the ten-thousandth part of its extent.The drama as for instance the finest of Shakespeares plays in England and all leading Athenian plays in the noontide of the Attic stage, operated as a literature on the public mind, and were (according to the strictest letter of that term) published through the audiences that witnessed their representation, some time before they were published as things to be read and they were published in this scenical mode of publication with much more effect than they could have had as books during ages of costly copying or of costly printing.Books, therefore, do not suggest an idea co-extensive and interchangeable with the idea of literature, since much literature, scenic, forensic, or didactic (as from lectures and public orators), may never come into books, and much t hat does come into books may connect itself with no literary interest. But a far more important correction, applicable to the common vague idea of literature, is to be sought, not so much in a better definition of literature, as in a sharper distinction of the two sets which it fulfils.In that great social electric organ which, collectively, we callliterature, there may be distinguished two separate offices, that may blend and much do so, nevertheless capable, severally, of a severe insulation, and naturally fitted for reciprocal repulsion.There is, first, the literature of knowledge, and secondly, the literature of power. The function of the first is to teach the function of the second is to move the first is a rudder the second an oar or a sail. The first speaks to the mere discursive understanding the second speaks ultimately, it may happen, to the higher understanding, or reason, but endlessly through affections of pleasure and sympathy.Remotely it may travel towards an ob ject seated in what Lord Bacon calls dry out get away but proximately it does and must operate? else it ceases to be a literature of power-on and through that humid light which clothes itself in the mists and glittering iris of hu man figure passions, desires, and genial emotions. Men have so belittled reflected on the higher functions of literature as to find it a paradox if one should describe it as a mean or subordinate purpose of books to give data. But this is a paradox solitary(prenominal) in the sense which makes it honorable to be paradoxical.Whenever we talk in ordinary language of seeking information or gaining knowledge, we understand the words as connected with something of absolute novelty. But it is the grandeur of all verity which butt joint occupy a very high place in human interests that it is never absolutely novel to the meanest of minds it exists eternally, by way of germ or latent principle, in the lowest as in the highest, needing to be developed but nev er to be planted.To be capable of transplantation is the immediate measuring of a truth that ranges on a lower scale. Besides which, there is a rarer thing than truth, namely, power, or deep sympathy with truth.What is the effect, for instance, upon society, of children? By the pity, by the tenderness, and by the peculiar modes of admiration, which connect themselves with the helplessness, with the sinlessness, and with the simplicity of children, not only are the primal affections strengthened and continually renewed, but the qualities which are dearest in the sight of heaven-the frailty, for instance, which appeals to forbearance, the innocence which symbolizes the heavenly, and the simplicity which is most alien from the worldly-are kept up in perpetual remembrance, and their ideals are continually refreshed.A purpose of the same reputation is answered by the higher literature, viz. , the literature of power. What do you learn from paradise Lost? Nothing at all. What do you l earn from a cookery-book? Something new, something that you did not know before, in every paragraph. But would you therefore identify the wretched cookery-book on a higher level of estimation than the inspired poem?What you owe to Milton is not any knowledge, of which a million separate items are still but a million of advancing steps on the same earthly level what you owe is power, that is, exercise and expansion to your own latent capacity of sympathy with the infinite, where every pulse and each separate inflow is a step upwards, a step ascending as upon a Jacobs ladders from earth to mysterious altitudes in a higher place the earth.All the steps of knowledge, from first to last, carry you further on the same plane, but could never encourage you one foot above your ancient level of earth whereas the very first step in power is a flight, is an ascending movement into another element where earth is forgotten.Were it not that human sensibilities are ventilated and continually c alled out into exercise by the great phenomena of infancy, or of real life as it moves through chance and change, or of literature as it recombines these elements in the mimicries of poetry, romance, etc., it is certain that, like any puppet power or muscular energy falling into disuse, all such sensibilities would gradually droop and dwindle. It is in relation to these great moral capacities of man that the literature of power, as contradistinguished from that of knowledge, lives and has its field of action.It is concerned with what is highest in man for the Scriptures themselves never condescended to deal by suggestion or cooperation with the mere discursive understanding when speaking of man in his intellectual capacity, the Scriptures speak not of the understanding, but of the understanding heart, ?making the heart, i. e. , the great intuitive (or non-discursive) organ, to be the interchangeable formula for man in his highest state of capacity for the infinite.Tragedy, romance, fairy tale, or epopee, all similar restore to mans mind the ideals of evaluator, of hope, of truth, of mercy, of retribution, which else (left to the support of daily life in its realities) would languish for want of sufficient illustration. What is meant, for instance, by poetic justice??It does not mean a justice that differs by its object from the ordinary justice of human jurisprudence for then it must be confessedly a very bad kind of justice but it means a justice that differs, from common forensic justice by the floor in which it attains its object, a justice that is more omnipotent over its own ends, as dealing? not with the refractory elements of earthly life, but with the elements of its own creation, and with materials flexible to its own purest preconceptions.It is certain that, were it not for the Literature of Power, these ideals would much remain amongst us as mere arid notional forms whereas, by the creative forces of man put forth in literature, they gain a ver nal life of restoration, and germinate into vital activities. The commonest novel, by piteous in alliance with human fears and hopes, with human instincts of wrong and right, sustains and quickens those affections. Calling them into action, it rescues them. from torpor. And hence the preeminency, over all authors that merely teach of the meanest that moves, or that teaches, if at all, indirectly by moving.The very highest work that has ever existed in the literature of Knowledge is but a provisional work a book upon trial and sufferance, and quamdiu bene se gesserit. allow its education be even partially revised, let it be but expanded, ? nay, even let its teaching be but placed in a better order, ? and instantly it is superseded. Whereas the feeblest works in the Literature of Power, surviving at all, survive as finished and unalterable amongst men. For instance, the Principia of Sir Isaac north was a book warlike on earth from the first.In all stages of its progress it would have to fight for its existence 1st as regards absolute truth idly, when that combat was over, as regards its form or mode of presenting the truth. And as soon as a La Place, or anybody else, builds higher upon the foundations laid by this book, effectually he throws it out of the sunlight into decay and darkness by weapons won from this book he superannuates and destroys this book, so that soon the name of Newton remains as a mere nominis umbra, but his book, as a living power, has transmigrated into other forms.Now, on the contrary, the iliad, the Prometheus of Aeschylus, the Othello or King Lear, the Hamlet or Macbeth, and the Paradise Lost are not militant but triumphant forever as long as the languages exist in which they speak or can be taught to speak. They never can transmigrate into new incarnations. To reproduce these in new forms, or variations, even if in some things they should be improved, would be to plagiarize. A good steam engine is properly superseded by a better. But one lovely pastoral valley is not superseded by another, nor a statue of Praxiteles by a statue of Michael Angelo.These things are separated not byimparity, but by disparity.They are not thought of as unequal under the same standard, but as different in kind, and, if otherwise equal, as equal under a different standard. Human works of immortal beauty and works of nature in one respect stand on the same footing they never absolutely restate each other, never approach so near as not to differ and they differ not as better and worse, or simply by more and less they differ by ill-defined and incommunicable differences, that cannot be caught by mimicries, that cannot be reflected in the mirror of copies, that cannot become ponderable in the scales of vulgar comparison.

Sunday, April 7, 2019

Dating Single Parent Essay Example for Free

date Single Pargonnt EssayDating and the Single Parent is a news five star keep back, because diffuse has through with(p) a marvelous job presenting useful step for maven elicits who are divorced and is thinking of substantiate intoing back into a dating relationship, or even remarrying. The concur is divided into sections of dating to present a sequential sequence of steps to determine whether the superstar parent is infery, and what right decisions they need to manufacture if they arrive at children. The confine is honest, and practical when it comes to addressing situations that every whizz parent goes through while trying to reenter the dating life. The book presented questions along with real life realties of dating when there are children aimd in the mix. deals admiration how the book as written from a strong scriptural perspective. muddles pregnant goal in this book is to motivate its readers to do the necessary work of a relationship building.The adjunct 2 of the book begins with a sample purity pledge. This section of the book organized activities for dating couples to involve in, such as flirtation and hugging, without having to be sexual involved with one some other. Section one of the book focuses on dating with kids and dating willingness. Before an single is ready to date the individual must(prenominal) have a goal in dating. Deals assistants single parents determine whether or not they are ready to re-enter back into the dating world. Some single parents are single due to previous marriages that failed, which lead to divorce. Deal describes divorce as a traumatic experience. Yet some single parents never re bothy get over the horrifying experience of divorce and remain single. But Deal has puts together a checklist to suffice single parents determine whether or not they are ready for the dating world Deal presents biblical belief throughout the book reminding single parents to always put God first in every rel ationship decision they decide to make.The part that stood out to me the most in this section was the discussion on when children are involved, how dating gets complicated. Ron Deal gives excellent advice on how to determine if kids are ready for dating, what to expect when dating a single parent, and things to consider before getting engaged, and growing the family into a step-family. Section two gives mickle supportive advice on right outs to capture love. The section is split up into chapters labeled as yellowish light, red light, and green light. Deal provides warningsigns that people should take into consideration when trying to date the adversary sex. Signs that single parents should take into consideration is how will this individual influence the kids? Is the man willing to date the person and their kids? Last section Ron Deal provides readers with valuable guidance on marriage commitment, and step families. Deals has developed an interesting perception on step-families .Throughout schooling numerous people have been taught that intermingle families were made up of step-families. But Deal argues that step-families should not be reckoned upon as blended families. Deal encourages single parents to take their time on dating and to trust in God for pursing a health Christian based relationship. Dating and the Single Parent Book so remarkable, because often times single parents suffer with trying to regain love, along with trying to find someone to accept their children. Deal offers dreadful pointers to finding a relationship with kids, dating, and finding long lasting love. Discipline should always be done with love and with Gods approval, but not to make the children angry Ephesians 64(King James Version).Potential Use for antenuptial Christian CouplesThe book, Dating and the Single parent does an excellent job at studying the difficult subprogram of finding love in the center of having children and trying to date. Ron Deal does a marvelous job at citing biblical principles for single parent to follow while dating. I believe its unique that Deal offers biblical insight throughout the book. For example Deal refers to Christianity and faith in god when discussing learn all you can about(predicate) stepfamily living. For example Ive personally herd family members and sensations say that stepfamilies are not Gods high-flown for the Christian house hold. some people believe this tale because they feel as though stepfamily ministry diminish to what God intended. I believe that Deal presents valuable content to premarital couples in the church, since church is the place where all types of families meet to hear spiritual teachings. Deal encourages couples to lean all you can about how stepfamilies function, die hard best, and why they have the unique complexities that they can do. Blended step families seems to be a growing elan in the United States of America. In occurrence blended families have been around since Christ c reated earth.Remarkable fact Jesus Christ was a part of a blended family. Remember Maryand Joseph were in a commitment when she told Joseph she was pregnant. Mary and Joseph had not been sexually intimate when Mary told Joseph she was with child. At times Joseph thought about leaving Mary, but did not. Joseph chose to sick by his pregnant fiance, who he thought had betrayed him. Joseph was willing to go through the battle of scorn and believed in God. Joseph accepted Gods calling for him to love and care for Mary and Jesus. Ironically when you look at family dynamics point of view you can do it that Christ, Joseph, and Mary were a blended family, a non-traditional unit. Its very interesting to study that Christ came into the world experiencing a blended- family.In addition, Deal discusses how it is important for singles to take a good look at themselves in the mirror before trying to date again. When self is able to look, examine them they are able to piece together their motivatio ns for dating, fears, loneliness, and unresolved hurt. In order for an individual to move forward in a healthy relationship one must be able to trust God when making future dating decisions and choices during dating process. Ron Deal teachings in his book presented challenges that face todays modern Christian blended families. Deal presents awesome techniques to help strength relationships. Ron deal helps single parents and those who are dating understand unique family dynamics. Ron Deal help parents recognize that their families are lobed and favored by God. CritiqueAs a future professional counselor, and friend to others, professional counselors should recommend this book to any person who is single with children, and or someone who is dating an individual who has children. Ron Deal has developed a straightforward spiritual guidebook for Christian single dating. The book Dating and the Single Parent opened up my eyes about the truths of relationship and family compatibility, by pr esenting scenarios to help me make decision.. It was smashing the way the author Ron Deal incorporated biblical teachings. Like Ron Deal teaches when a single parent is dating or thinking about remarrying someone, they should choose someone who involves setting a godlike example for children and blessing them as God blessed us. Deal suggest all throughout the book for single parents whom are dating to trust in God to manage the relationship.Building a family later being single for so many years takes courage, perseverance,tough skin, and determination. As mentioned earlier the bible presents many teachings of blended families, like Christ family with Joseph being Christ stepparent. I believe that Ron Deal book goes into great deal about giving guidelines for Christian families experiencing dating, and second marriages, while following biblical principles As Christian stepparents, it is important that they love children who are involved in the family unconditionally. Ministry teac hes that its important that you dont marginalise your step kids. It is important that the family that it is forming has some kind of respect and acceptance form one another in the family. As a new parent (step) entering the family they must submit themselves to the children with their heart.Another important principle that Deal discusses is educating oneself on stepfamilies. When single parents blend to create stepfamilies, sometimes the progress is not so successful. Many children do not want change and will become angry and frustrated with new family members. yet though remarriage is supposed to be a wonderful joy, many kids are often not as excited as parent and new stepparent. Deal has put together foundations for building a stepfamily. Deal suggests that single parent should take their time, and give everyone a chance to get to know one another and get use to the idea of marriage.Overall Dating and the Single Parent is a great read for single parents who are dating or who are thinking about entering the dating world. The book focuses on dating, and stepfamily relations. Deal sets forth approaches towards building romantic relationships on a Christian basis.ReferencesDemo, D. H., Acocl, A. C. (2006). Singlehood,marriage,and remarriage the effects of family coordinateand family relationships n mathers well being. Journal of Family Issues, 17(3), 338-407.doi10.1177/019251396017003005Sweeney, M. M. (2010). Remarriage and stepfamilies. Journal of Marriage and Family, 72(3), 667-684.doi10.1111/j.1741-3737.2010.00724.x

Charles Dickens Essay Example for Free

Charles the Tempter EssayOne lesson we witness in A Kestrel for a Knave also aims to teach the pupils ab let on facts. However this lesson is taught by Farthing who is caring and a more fatherlike teacher and this is communicated by his name. Mr Farthing has used his kind personality to gain some respect from the boys in the class. Although the lesson has the alike content as the lesson in Hard Times during the lesson it ricks obvious that Farthings teaching is different. He humansages to involve billy, who is commonly quite shy and lacking motivation, positively in the lesson. Farthing teaches in a more relaxed way and lets the lesson run for as well as welcoming input from the boys. He encourages Billy to participate and makes him feel special(prenominal) as he has something interesting to sh are. Farthing lets Billys thought tumble out and does not cut him short. Billy tells each about his bird, which he has raised and trained, and Farthing have the appearance _or_ semblances genuinely interested Jesses, how do you spell that? He writes words on the board, allowing the whole class to learn about Billys unusual talent. Billy becomes the teacher for a while and as Farthing is not controlling like Gradgrind he allows this to happen. The lesson becomes full of individuality as Billy shares his unusual rocking horse and his confidence grows. This would never have happened in a lesson taught by Gradgrind, he would never encourage a pupil to take over his position and would think a pastime like Billys ridiculous. The way in which Farthing nurtures Billys thoughts reflect the way in which Billy has nurtured Kes. The time and devotion that Billy has shown the bird is matched, although on a smaller level, by the way Farthing waits for Billy to talk and persist to question him gently as if he knows Billy has a lot to share.An early(a) contrast between the two schools is the way in which Billy and his classmates behaviour changes depending on the teache r, whereas Gradgrinds pupils are always the same. The different methods of teaching present at Billys school become obvious when the PE teacher Sugden is introduced. Sugden is a bully and again Hines has highlighted the teachers personality with his name, as Sugden is a thug. Billy dislikes PE and does not have a PE kit, as his family cannot afford to buy him hotshot. He arrives late to the lesson as he has been talk to Farthing. Instead of discreetly giving him a kit to wear Sugden mocks Billy in front of the other boys. The way in which Billy is treated provokes him to answer back and be cheeky. Sugdens verbal blustering(a) brings out the negative aspects of Billys personality.Not only does Sugden verbally bully his pupils but as a big man he does not hesitate to physically abuse them too. He hit Billy twice with the ball, memory it between both hands as though he was murdering him with a boulder. The whole lesson is a bullying game for Sugden. There is an absence of skills ta ught and so the lesson consists of a game of football in which Sugden is the captain of one of the teams as well as being the referee. He bullies the opposing team as well as his own teammates if they make mistakes. His attitude is immature and shows no sportsmanship or fairness, two lessons which should always be fortify in PE lessons. His negative attitude has a clear affect on the boys, who leave the lesson cold and uninspired.The program line arrangement presented by Charles Dickens is extreme and unnecessarily harsh. However the title Hard Times makes it seem like Dickens is writing honestly about a time which lead to harsh methods of education. He highlights the naivety of the people as now teaching methods have improved and young people are encouraged to be themselves and achieve the best that they can. Satire is used by Dickens to emphasize the mistakes of the system. Charles Dickens could of attended a school like the one in Hard Times and so I think he aims to make the problems obvious to people who otherwise might not notice the wrongs in society.Barry Hines also writes the truth about the education system in his era and I think he also aims to highlight the incorrectness of the organization. However Barry Hines writes more realistically as the book is more juvenile and therefore easier to relate to. Both authors present systems, which now seem very wrong but at the time they were thought of as acceptable. Both books probably contain memories of the authors school days and particularly in A Kestrel for a Knave the scenes seem very believable. I could conclude that neither system would be justifiable now but in their time the schools seemed fair.

Saturday, April 6, 2019

Decrease Clabsi in the Nicu Essay Example for Free

Decrease Clabsi in the Nicu EssayThe place of this curtain raising is to decrease and/or eliminate central line-associated blood sprout contagions (CLABSI) in the neonatal intensive armorial bearing unit (NICU) at Aurora Bay C be medical checkup Center. Hospital acquired infections, including CLABSI, is a major typesetters case of mortality, prolonged hospitalization, and extra be for NICU patients (Stevens Schulman, 2012). The final stage of this initiative is to decrease CLABSI by 75% by reducing the number of days lines are in and standardizing the insertion process and line master(prenominal)tenance. CLABSI is preventable and increases the jeopardy of neurodevelopmental impairment in very low birth weight infants. It is estimated that up to 70% of hospital acquired infections are cause by CLABSI in preterm infants (Stevens Schulman, 2012). It is also estimated that 41,000 CLABSI occur in United States hospitals every year (Centers for Disease swear and Prevention CDC, 2012).It is easily preventable by managing the central line properly. Insertion of the central line mustiness be done completely sterile and rigorous care needs to be done with catheter care. The catheter hub is the main culprit of infections so that needs to be a large part of the initiative (Stevens Schulman, 2012). The participants in this initiative include neonatologists, neonatal nurse practitioners, nurses, infection control personnel, the NICU supervisor, and the NICU manager. Together, they go forth form a core team of 10 people with at least one person from each direct of care. The team impart analyze the NICU practices and establish practice establish on evidenced based practice. The team result investigate the cause of each infection and agree on changes that need to be made. They willing meet every other week until the new practices develop been established, at which time they bunghole determine how often they need to meet.Each member must play an active role in the investigation process as well as the agreed-upon changes. on that point are multiple benefits to the proposed initiative. Hospital acquired infections will be cringed which means there will be a reduction in ill-use to the patients. This will mean amajor cost savings to Aurora Bay pull off Medical Center because there will non be that additional cost of treating a preventable infection. stave will be collaborating together for the greater good of the NICU. The best practices that come out of the initiative give the bounce be shared with other NICUs to help decrease CLABSI across all hospitals. The cost of the initiative will be minimal compared to the cost of treating a CLABSI. On top of the morbidity and mortality resulting from the infection, the financial costs are significant. Many of these costs are no longer covered by insurance because the infection was a result of the hospital stay.The CDC recently estimated the cost of a CLABSI to be $29,156 per case with an estimated mortality of 12-25% (Horan, 2010). The largest cost that will incur because of this initiative will be staffing costs. The team of approximately 10 people will get paid for their time on the team that will meet every other week for an undetermined amount of time, not to exceed 3 months. Any time spent on interrogation will need to be reimbursed. The entire staff will need to be trained on the new processes before they are rolled out. They will be required to do hands on training as well as complete a competency designed by the team. There will not be an increase in the cost of supplies, as the NICU has all the supplies needed at this time. If it is determined they need different supplies, it will be addressed at that time.Data definitions and the procedures used for collection will be determined by the team at the first meeting. The data will be tracked from the first day the team meets throughout the course of the quality initiative. The original goal will be to dec rease CLABSI by 75% in the first year. A detailed outline must be performed on the processes that were used to implement and maintain evidence-based practices. Each infection must have an investigational analysis completed.The data that is collected will be completely confidential so as to not break the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) Privacy Rules. In conclusion, the purpose of this initiative is to reduce CLABSI by at least 75% in the NICU at Aurora Bay Care Medical Center. This will be accomplished through training and education to the doctors, nurses, any staff that comes into get hold of with the infants, and the parents. This is a win-win for both the patients as well as the hospital because it will reduce morbidities and mortalities caused by the preventable infection as well as reduce costs significantly for thehospital.ReferencesCenters for Disease Control and Prevention. (2012). commutation line-associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI) event. Retrieved from http//www.cdc.gov/nhsn/pdfs/pscmanual/4psc_clabscurrent.pdf Horan, T. C. (2010). Central line-associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI) criteria and case studies. Retrieved from http//www.azdhs.gov/phs/oids/hai/documents/NHSN_Workshop1_CLABSI_Criteria_Studies.pdf Stevens, T. P., Schulman, J. (2012). Evidence-based approach to preventing central line-associated blood stream infection in the NICU. Acta Paeditrica, 11-16. doi10.1111/j.1651-2227.2011.02547.x

Friday, April 5, 2019

STEEP Analysis Tourism Industry

STEEP Analysis tourism fabricationIn the last half of the twentieth century, the first position for gambol tourism was established in Nevada, U.S.A. The distinctive of this tourism is a combination of the peculiar geography of Nevadan region with the benefits of the federal system and their witness individualistic esprit to form a prosperous thrift. The education of the gaming patience became the important growth reckon for Las Vegas and Reno until the present fourth dimension. Underlying this sassy economy is the evolution of the phaeton business, stimulated by the expansion of legalized looseness. later on much ambivalence to accessible policy for the first seventy years, Nevada then led the way for the nigh fifty years in making acceptable, a business that was widely regarded elsewhere as soci each(prenominal)y improper (Hulse, 2004).As the twist of jurisdictions walking swordplay tourism increases, both the response of potential tourists and the response of com peting destinations pass on change. play has want been recognized as a tourist attraction. childs play first compete a hearty role at the spa resorts of the 18th and 19th centuries (Sethi, 1999). Members of the elite who frequented these resorts demanded amusements to occupy the time between treatments. The foundation of romp amusements consist of food, complaisantization and games.Las Vegas is the prime example of bid tourism, where the central occupy of gambol is surrounded with a host of tourist activities. To describe the growth of bid tourism, it has been establish on the elements of providing the activities in the same ara where the playing period is located. Casinos and other play facilities argon mainly treated as part of touristic immortalisetainment culture and as products for promoting tourism (Cochrane, 2008). In particular, the explosive growth in gambling in Macau is based on the pent up demand for gambling forthlets from the Mainland Chinese. Moreover , Singapore is the latest uncouth announcing plans for the introduction of gambling tourism by the construction of a huge casino and associated gambling facilities (Conrady Buck, 2008).In their book Tourism in Destination Community Singh S., Timothy D. and Dowling R. (2003) outline that a typology of Tourism-Host Community Relationships. This typology is based on assessing the birth that exists between tourism and the destination community. thither ar four possible theories are win-win, win-lose, lose-win and lose-lose. maneuver Tourism is categorized in lose-win. The causal agency for this is the community loses while tourism gains the benefits. The side effectuate of gaming or gambling are the fabric of communities both in physical terms of areas which are pulled agglomerate to make way for more casinos and likewise the increasing social problems such as habituation and crime. Conversely, tourism gains as all inclusive packages of gambling, entertainment, shopping and a ccommodation are offered to potential visitors.This assessment leave attempt to show the STEEP analysis of the current gambling tourism. Then it pass on look into a possible three scenarios with critically assessment based on time which is short, middle and long field future. Finally, the conclusion will explain stakeholder responses for sustainability of gambling tourism.2. STEEP ANALYSIS2.1. (S)ocial matchFor umpteen masses, gambling could be lawful part of their leisure and deflexion activities where most of them are becoming gamblers who have a obligated manner and enjoy gambling as entertainment (MCG, 2008). On the other hand, this kind of entertainment could be a cause of serious problems for themselves which impact on their families and the community. Regarding the social impact of gambling tourism, the activity much has been associated with organized crime, domestic violence, health problems and bankruptcy which may impact on both the local volume and tourists from their addictive behaviors (Ivanova Atanasova, 2009). From the dis free perceptions of gambling tourism among local residents and tourists, they can be divided into the impact on individuals and the impact on notificationships as follow (AIGR, 2001)Impacts on individualsThe first impact is crime and health problems. fun is definitely vulnerable to crime, of which the study crimes might be fraud and money laundering and less major crimes could be cheating and begging. The range of crime can start from petty theft, shoplifting, forging signatures for financial gain, to robbery, embezzlement, misappropriation, medicine trafficking, burglary to armed robbery. Loan shark lending has also been established as having a significant relationship with gambling link criminal activity such as physical harassment and violence universe directed towards the gambler. For the health problems, gambling has been negatively associated with a variety of personal ailments such as depression, anxie ty, felo-de-se and general ill-health. For example, in 1999 Australian national client survey found the following results in relation to people with gambling problems as (AIGR, 2001)95.6% suffered from depression57.8% seriously considered felo-de-se due to gambling13.6% attempted suicide99% suffered from guilt due to gambling and97% had control problems, that is, they would like to stop solely cant.Impacts on relationshipsThe second impact is the affects of problem gambling on interpersonal relationships with parents, children, partners, friends, work colleagues, and the general community. Some of the main difficulties problem gamblers have experienced in their inter-personal relationships are, not having enough time for family, the break-up of relationships, break-ups considering to be split-ups, losing allude with children, violent behavior due to gambling and family arguments over money.2. 2. (T)echnological ImpactTechnological knowledges in gambling are rapidly growing in p revalence more or less the world. The aim of the developments is to make it convenient to gamblers and easier to main course card-playing games. Nowadays planetary house gambling is preferable for gamblers. overdue to the fact that there are several gambling technologies which offer more options, opportunities and temptations. The most distinctive would be online gambling on internet. The nature of cyberspace, has no geographic boundaries. Therefore a player can stay at planetary house and conduct cross-border gambling with emcee who is located in other countries. The advent of online anticipate is to provide a variety of games such as blackjack, baccarat, and roulette as well as sports betting and to participate in lottery draws. Moreover, players can enter the virtual casino very easily by personal computers for leisure activities, prizes or money. speckle gambling opportunities are expanding by internet technology, the effects may stimulate an increasing demand for gamblin g services. jibe to the Australian form of Criminology Trends Issues in Crime and Criminal Justice (1998) has identified that cyber betting overthrow the income of location based gambling industries in terms of detrimental consequences for employment in hotels and clubs.Another possibility, online gambling much occurs in an unregulated manner and effects the feeling of security for the players. However, there are increasing absolute on-line financial exercises. Then again, the present trend of Internet betting is casino-style. As a result, many gambling operators are located in countries with relaxed or nonexistent gambling legislation and tax regulations such as Liechtenstein, Antigua, the Cook Islands and the Dominican Republic (Grant Chapman, 1998).2.3. (E)conomic ImpactIn every country that has gambling as a legal effort there are both despotic and negative effects in the economic impact because the presidency coheres revenue from the tourism, but they also have to ta ke responsibility for the negative effects. For the positive impact, there is an increase in economic development, increase employment, tax revenues, and also increase the get along of tourists who accept gambling has become their leisure activity. Governments have to support the development of the gambling manufacturing as driven mainly because of economic need and the gene trampd taxation revenues (Ivanova Atanasova, 2009). Many countries have made gambling a legal industry because they can benefit from gambling which can be highly profitable. To point out that it creates employment, provides high revenues through generating additional taxation and leads to improvement in infrastructure are all positive effects of many countries that are supporting gambling tourism development (Pahor, n.d.). For example in the sideslip of Atlantic City, New Jersey, in the United States, the primary purpose of casino gaming was to redevelop the tourist and convention facilities and to improve t he infrastructure and tourism capacity (Dunstan, 1997).On the other hand, the negative effects that gambling is closely related to crime, social pathologies and social interruption which government has to respond to with all these effects (Pahor, n.d.). From all these reasons, they show why the heavy social and economic damages caused by the casinos should not be undervalued. For instance, the statistics from Nevada, whose economy is extremely dependent on the gambling industry, are alarming. It has the highest suicide rate in the USA, the highest accident rate (per mile driven) and also the highest rates of crime and school drop out (IVLV, 2010). The legality of the gambling industry and the growing access such as facilities in the current decade has also presented a significant health threat to the local population, mostly in the gambling addiction company.The Australian Productivity focus research found that the health and social be of gambling can hold (AIGR, 2001)Financial costs (family debts and bankruptcy)Effects on productivity and employmentCrime (theft, court cases and imprisonment)Personal and family impacts (divorce and separation, depression and suicide)Treatment costs.2.4. (E)nvironmental ImpactIt is essential to examine how the environment is influenced by the gambling sector. For creating a sustainable tourism gambling sector, it is needed to begin close cooperation with the Environmental Planning Group (EPG). consort to Roe, Leader-Williams Dalal Clyton, EPG is focused on environmental planning, resourcefulness management and utilization issues. This organisation is oriented on policy-making processes and strategic planning for sustainable development (Roe, Leader-Williams Dalan Clyton, 1997).Moreover, the environment should be monitored continuously as the changes which may occur due to misuse of resources may lead to serious natural disasters (Miller and Twinning-Ward, p. 51).There are noteworthy gambling locations in the world su ch as Nevada, Atlantic City and Monte Carlo. The last city is described by McMillen, 2005 as a representative for stimulating regional development which fuelled the pro feelingration of resort casinos throughout Europe in the middle of 19th century. As gambling attracts wealthy people, it provided a boost to the growth of tourism facilities and infrastructure (McMillen, 2005, p. 243). Since that time the Rivera became a famed place for both rich Europeans and Americans to spend their holidays gambling. As an example the Casino de Monte Carlo became world famous and even the most profitable casino (McMillen, 2005, p. 243) in the whole of Europe.Nevada is the most famous gambling place on the western coast in U.S.A., for example, casinos in Nevada offer full-service resort style holiday (Report to the Nevada discussion section of Human Resources, 2002, p.13). According to the California Research Bureau, 1995, it was the first city in USA where casino gambling was legalized. (Append ix 1)In comparison with Nevada, Atlantic City is known as the gambling city on the American east coast. The gambling industry in Atlantic City had its inception in 1978 (Braunlich, 1996). This year went down in history as the end of Nevadas virtual monopoly of casino-style gambling (Shonkwiller, 1993).2.5. (P)olitical ImpactIn terms of gambling in a reversal of American values, this refers to an ideology of hedonistic consumerism (McMillen, 1996). Therefore gambling tourism as a part of the tourists feelings should be independent of other recreational activities. However, the real gambling industry around the world is controlled by laws, regulations and policies in each destination. In the book Gambling Views from the Social Sciences by Frey, mob H. and Eadington (1984) has also identified that restrictions in gambling are created by laws, for the purpose of protecting the clean nonage of compulsive gamblers, as well as, to limit the freedom of choice of the majority.Furthermore t he forms of gambling, for instance, lotteries, wagering on racing and clement gambling are associated with the impacts of local markets, tourism and tourism development particularly casino gambling (Pearce Butler, 2002). referable to the fact that a casino operation is related with several national and state jurisdictions. In a part of the local community, gambling represents the ultimate in export-based activities such as appropriating local taxes from casino operators and the direct, corroboratory and induced impacts of local casino based expenditures. The division of national or government responsibilities also related with the import of tax income and re-exportation of the all negative externalities (Felsenstein Freeman, 2002). These involve gamblers and the nation, for example, gambling induced-addiction, bankruptcy and reduced productivity.Scenario Assortment3.1. The oblivious Range approaching (next 5 years)The present society acceptance of gambling is a legitimate n ode pursuit. In addition there are many newly increased technologies aimmed at licking gambling into the home. As a result, the future of gambling becomes more localized and less tourist-oriented (Pearce Butler, 1999).3.1.1 The history of next generation technologyIn the next 5 years, gambling, internet and touch screen tv will be making a new modern world history for the next generation together (Hofex, 2008) which has veritable from online gambling tourism and hi-technology facilities. Due to the fact that gambling as a popular leisure and recreation activity coupled with technology which is changing all the time, interactional touch screen television (ItouchTV) is a convenient facility for betting activities from the comfort of both local communities and tourists places where there are hotels or airplanes. wheresoever they are in the gambling tourism destination, Interactive touch screen TV gambling could allow gamblers to place bets by using their fingertip and also directl y from their accounts accessed while playing in the casino. Interactive betting through this service is available for every debit and credit world wide accounts such as AMEX, Visa, Master Card and PayPal which account holders can also manage their account, deposit funds and check transaction history on ItouchTV (Commonwealth of Australia., 2009). ItouchTV will be developed in every types of interactive gambling include normal events like singing contests or the Oscars through digital pay television and digital free-to-air television service of these gambling destinations.3.1.2 precise Assessment for SustainabilityCombined with modern technology and sustainable tourism, it can be predicted that addictive behavior will develop for the next generation of gamblers. As gambling and hi-technology TV realize for a shared future, the number of young gamblers will be increased rapidly because of the ability to access technology at their place easily whether they are local people or tourist s. The future social problems will be over represented by gamblers who are under 30 years (Chapman, 1998) because this group of people are fascinated by computer technology and highly literate in its application. Although new modern gambling tourism will much more popular to the next generation of gamblers, it is a new challenge for the government and the orphic sectors to minimize harm from addictive behaviors and the future social results by offering service providers the abilities of self-exclusion or self-setting betting limits and set the regulation to control the future impact. Under the act, the say-so of regulation in the term of prevention and treatment program will be affected to the number of youth gamblers, social gambling impacts and high number of addictive behaviors which all of them have to be decreased.3.2. The core Range Future (next 10 years)To enhance a trend of gambling at home, the gambling industry needs to provide an innovation. This is the reason why ther e is a variety of new betting games development on the internet to action different customer needs. Whereas gambling forms would not provide a variety experience if the government had a monopoly ownership in the gambling industry.3.2.1 Government Gambling versus Privatizing GamblingAt this point in time, there are many countries which have granted themselves a monopoly over the gambling marketplace. There are government monopolies of gambling operations and the quality of gambling tourism industry by limiting competitors and fend foring high prices. According to National Gambling Impact Study committee (1999a) identified the government determines the level and type of competition to be permitted such as granting, amending, and revoking monopolies, and restricting or enhancing competition closely at will. These are also the keys determinants of various industries potential profits and losses. This report agrees with this and believes consequently it is to limit entrants to a ma rketplace and new customers can be eliminated. Moreover, private enterprises with diminished competition have reduced incentives to offer a variety of gambling services. It may effect the quality of the products as well.Generally, government-owned gambling operations maintain the objectives for the good of the public. It contrasts with regulations and the principle beneficiary of gambling activities. Due to the fact that the increased public demand also affects high social spending, this pressures governments to spend more of their budgets without increasing personal income taxes. Furthermore, the government would be responsible for the enthronisation budgets of gambling business. While the gambling business is not always successful, so the government encounters financial losses.In addition, legalized gambling tourism should be conducted by the private sectors in the future. Because non-government firms have strong incentives to provide break up services at reasonable prices. The refore privatizations lead to better efficiency and the wider availability of products and services. If being abortive or closing business, investors ought to be responsible for all losses. In order for business ventures to operate at the expense of the taxplayers, companies must provide reasonably priced products to customers. Alternatively, government is not responsible for any risks of business operations.3.2.2 small Assessment for SustainabilityIt cannot be denied that government performance is a significant influence for gambling tourism sustainability. There are three possible ways to manage gambling industry. Firstly government may go for more gambling prohibitions by policing and legislation. Secondly government may permit the operation of private social gambling and open to overseas investment. Thirdly government owns and operates gambling operations as public enterprises.This paper believes public enterprises can enhance gambling industry efficiently in the next 10 year s. Casinos in The United States, for example, are organized privatisation as public enterprises owned by government and operated by the private sector such as casino gaming on ships, casinos on Indian reserves and a combination of destination and casinos which offer a variety of amenities including accommodations and entertainment (Basham White, 2002).The Long Range Future (next 20 years)Nowadays space tourism is not science fiction any more but a luxury leisure activity for the wealthiest people on the planet. It is not just an expensive travel for so-called space tourists but also an important new target for the space industry (Collins, 2006). Collins, 2006 predicted that at a growth rate of some 100,000 passengers per year, the business could reach 700,000 passengers per year by 2017, at a price of somewhat $25,000 per a passenger.Taking into consideration the long-term scenario, 20 years from the present time, tourism activities could have grown to a scale of $100 billion pe r year which would create millions of job (Collins, 2006). quadrangle tourism will play major role as this recreation activity will bring around $1trillion greater than the value of continued taxpayer funding of space agencies activities without developing space tourism (Collins, 2006). Thus, it is clear seen the huge capacity for space tourism market.Moreover, the long-term prediction is based on the assumption that gambling will work closely with space tourism industry. Commercial space passengers will have the hazard to get access to gambling facilities while they are travelling in the cosmic expanse. Future aircrafts will be equipped with the most modern gambling machines and also there would be interactive companionship with the Earth planet which will allow the opportunity to space tourists to bet on the races (as example) being held somewhere on the Earth.This prediction is realistic as human nature has a natural penchant to play, risk and competition (Griffiths Delfabbr o, 2002, p.5) as well as gambling gives the opportunity to escape from the routine everyday life and take on a new role. In addition most of the wealthy people will always be looking for new kinds of entertainment, so they will be satisfied with the new gamblings offer.3.3.1. Critical Assessment for SustainabilityThe major stakeholders such as space tourism association should create efficient sustainable tourism system which will guarantee the harmonious development of space tourism avoiding of severe shame of space. Also innovations should be implemented gradually and consciously. There are should be no desire to get large revenue as the main goal for space tourism association must be sustainable space study.The reason of organising space tours should be the opportunity to promote the space to the masses. Community should be more educated about space as space tourism may get people interested to learn more about that sector which is still unexplored.ConclusionIn conclusion, gambli ng Tourism has a long history development since twentieth centuries. Although gambling is a public acceptance as recreational activities, but the effects of betting tourism are still controversial issues. The main quandary of gambling can be analyzed into social, technology, economic, environment and political impacts.Social problems affect both individuals and relationships, for instances, depression, suicide, losing contacts with friends and family. A part of technology analysis, globalization has a big influence of technology development. Gambling at home is a preferable trend of customers, which stress on internet or online betting. The consequence of cyber betting is to reduce the income of location based gambling industries in term of detrimental consequences for employment in hotels and clubs (McMillen, Grabosky, 1998). Alternatively, gambling industry boosts the nation economy tax revenues, increasing amount of tourists and also provide a large poem of jobs. This reason wh y government enlarge gambling services to be more attractive especially focusing on environment in term of location and atmosphere by gathering amenities, hotels and entertainment. While political impacts can restrict gamblers pursuits by policies and regulations. Because restrictions of gambling are created by laws for the purpose of protecting the weak minority of compulsive gamblers as well as limit the freedom of choice of the majority (Frey Eadington, 1984).According to STEEP analysis as above, three possible scenarios were predicted based on time which is consists of short, middle and long range future. The short term prediction believes the next 5 years tend is still home gambling. And also technology development on gaming is prevalence around the world namely Interactive Touch Screen Television (ItouchTV). People will gamble directly on television at home, hotel or airplane. As a result, the future of gambling becomes more localized and less tourist-oriented (Pearce Butler , 1999). While a number of young gamblers are rising as well as social problems such as bankruptcy, depression and gambling addiction.For the middle future assumption, privatizing gambling would be occurred in the next gambling industry. Due to the fact that the efficiency of private sectors can enhances this industry for sustainability. With novelty experiences of privatization offer difference services which satisfy more customer needs, comparing the former management of government monopolized gambling industry. In spite of this, organizing privatisation as public enterprises would be the next 10 years of betting tourism management which refers to owned by government and operated by the private sector.A joint tourism between space and gambling is possibly exposed in the next 20 years. Due to a growth rate of space tourism prediction, it illustrates there are 100,000 passengers per year, the business could reach 700,000 passengers per year by 2017, at a price of about $25,000 per a passenger (Collins, 2006). Then again, the reason of interactive touch screen technology could provide a possibility of space gambling, for example, gambling in a rocket.Over all, the distinctive stakeholder of gambling tourism is government. The reason of this is gambling industry is related with laws, regulations and policies directly. Furthermore, betting business is an ethical issue of individuals and society. Although there are many benefits of this tourism, but also there are several side effects especially social problems as above. This reasons why to do business in gambling tourism industry, will need to consider carefully. identify of ReferencesAustralian Institute for Gambling Research (AIGR). (2001). Social and economic impacts of gambling in New Zealand. Retrieved kinsfolk 2, 2010, from www.aigr.uws.edu.auBasham, P. and White, K. (2002). Gambling with Our Future? The Costs and Benefits of Legalized Gambling. The Fraser Institute, Vancouver, CABraunlich, C. G. (1996). 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