Wednesday, April 10, 2013

Linguistics

Individuals of all languages claim variations within their own speech. People endure to shift from one dialect to a nonher dependent on who they be speaking with and the congenatorship in which they maintain. The following get out breakdown and explain the dialect shifting that occurs in a day in the life of Mr. Contondere.

        When Mr. Contendere begins his day in the armorial bearing of his wife and counter score. He speaks in an promiscuous, intimate and friendly populacener. The cardinal individuals have close solidarity and are comfortable speaking informal Black English. People who have close social relationships testa workforcet generally use less careful orthoepy, talk faster, commemorate more(prenominal) emotion and stand closer to one another. I would imagine that this is what goes on in the Contendere home. Also Mr. Contenderes wife addresses him as ?Nolo his first touch because in the home they share the selfsame(prenominal) circumstance ? husband and wife or mother and father. The son borders Mr. C ?Daddy this is an intimacy marker which shows how close they are withal though Mr. C is of high gearer power.

        Mr. Contendere now goes to his office and converses with his round and colleagues. The staff members address him formally because they are of lower status and no solidarity is evident. If they had close solidarity than they would be more likely to call him ?Nolo. The other lawyers call him by his first name because they are of equal status and possibly close solidarity. There is not enough information to know this as a item, however often people of equal status have similarities that urinate bonds and indeed closer relationships. Mr. C addresses everyone by first name because of the status relationship. It is worth noting that now he is speaking in Standard Black English because the work environment is more formal than home.

        When Mr. Contendere heads to the city jail he takes off his suit-jacket and puts on his informal Bills jacket. This is the first sign that his dialect is going to shift. Mr. C greets the suspected burglar with his first name ?Robert. In the set out Mr. C is more formal and then realizes that he has to acquire speaking in Roberts dialect in order to effectively communicate. Mr. Contendere switched to an informal street-wise register of Black English. This manipulation creates solidarity which increases Roberts comfort level. Robert begins to cooperate.

        The destination appearance of Mr. Cs day is a committee meeting for buffalo Downtown Development. Mr. Contendere intensifys back into his formal attire and now speaks in a formal standard English. His vocabulary has increased and he makes use of a lot of technical legal vocabulary. The change in language helps him maintain his status. If he were to speak in Black English he would be deemed an outsider. When in a business setting the language utilise should be culture-neutral to get everyone. The increase in vocabulary employ is a sign of his intellect. Mr. Contendere is addressed as ?Attorney Contendere to state his status and therefore allow others to determine their degree of power in relation to him. The amount of solidarity is undetermined, although no solidarity is apparent.

         Before observing a confabulation among a mixed-sex group of speakers I referred back to my notes and acknowledged sexual urge related language markers that I should take note of and these are the examples I discovered. Some of the traditional gender markers were violated and several(prenominal) were proven only stronger.

WOMEN TEND TO USE MORE monetary standard PRONUNCIATIONS AND MEN TEND TO USE MORE NON-STANDARD PRONUNCIATIONS.

The women and men I observed generally used non-standard pronunciations. unrivaled of the women exclaimed Are you kiddin me? as opposed to Are you kidding me? An example of the men using non-standard pronunciation is when they greeted one another with Whatz up? instead of Whats up? WOMEN atomic number 18 SAID TO HAVE A GREATER PITCH draw AND MORE FREQUENT PITCH RANGES.

This was absolutely true. The women were very horny when conversing.

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The men on the otherhand seemed more controlled and consistent in cipher to their pitch. The men never spoke as high as the womens lowest note. If a man speaks in a high pitch he is loses his masculinity.

WOMEN USE MORE INDIRECT manner of speaking ACTS AND MEN USE MORE DIRECT SPEECH ACTS.

One of the women said Will you grab me my drink, please? This was the polite and pretty shy way of getting someone to do something. The man said on another occasion Pass me the lighter. This was a more stern and powerful demand rather than a question.

MEN INTERRUPT OTHER SPEAKERS.

This did not happen at all and I was quite surprised! It was actually the women who ran the conversation and did much interrupting of one another.

WOMEN ARE SAID TO USE slight SLANG THAN MEN.

Both the women and men used slang. The slang that the women used was very emotional. Sometimes I could tell what they were saying well(p) by the tone and pitch of their voice.

Throughout their conversation I did not notice anyone using tag questions or sure vocabulary items that are associated with men versus women.

Times they are achangin. I believe that the current important gender-identification markers for college-age students at UB are tardily fading away. I think this is due greatly to the fact that women are becoming increasingly equal with men. They now have the same jobs (even if they make $.70 to their $1) and partake in similar activities. The women in college realize that they can do anything that they want. I hope that overall women are gaining confidence. The group I observed are college-aged students. The women used slang and didnt wait for their turn to speak. The men didnt interrupt unless did use swear words and more direct language. The men I observed fit the markers much more so than the women.

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