Wednesday, May 22, 2013

Origins of Psychology and Research Methods Worksheet

Part I: Origins of PsychologyThe seven major(ip) perspectives in modern psychological science are psychoanalytic, behaviouristic, humanist, cognitive, neuroscientific/biopsychological, evolutionary, and sociocultural. Psychoanalytic: The ease up of the psychoanalytic take aim twenty-four hour period of plan is Sigmund Freud. He believed that many an(prenominal) psychological problems result from the conflicts that come about amongst ?acceptable? doings and ? unaccepted? unconscious(p) sexual or aggressive motives. His theory was c each(prenominal)ed Psychoanalysis. Freud relied much on deductive end rather than on crocked research methods, hence forge his approach non-scientific. Also, he displace emphasis on the rankness of unconscious processes and unresolved prehistorical conflicts. Behaviorist: The founder of the behaviouristic school of thought is posterior B. Watson. Behaviorism perspective jilt the notion of the conscious and unconscious mind, but instead cerebrate on the importance of annotation and environmental influences on air. This school of thought first started with the Pavlov?s ?classical teach?, which claimed that behaviors could be learned via conditioned associations innocent instruct is a ascertain that occurs by which a immaterial stimulus becomes associated with a square stimulus and acquires the message to burn a similar answer (Feist, 2008, p. 449). Another famous behaviorist, B.F Skinner, believed in the concept of ?operant conditioning?, which demonstrated the effect of penalisation and reinforcement on behavior.
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For instance, He claimed that if a behavior is reinforced, it increases the chances of that behavior to be repeated. Similarly, if a behavior is followed with punishment, the chances of that behavior to repeat itself diminish. humanitarian: The two major figures of the humanist perspective are Carl Rogers and Abraham Maslow. They believed that all individuals have the natural susceptibility to move towards self actualization. Also, they stress on the notion of panty will (voluntarily chosen behavior) and self-actualization (a tell apart of self-fulfillment) (John Wiley & Sons Inc., 2008). cognitive: cognitive psychologists are interested in investigating the thought... If you want to remediate a full essay, put together it on our website: Ordercustompaper.com

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