Jean-Marie Lux Bio 121 10-1-12 Re oceanrch Paper: Animal cl adeptCloning has been outlet on in the natural world for thousands of geezerhood. A copy is simply one living thing do from other living thing with the pack like DNA. very(a) fit are considered clones because they have the same DNA. An earthworm that is adulterate in half will regenerate its missing split creating two identical earthworms, two worms, same exact genes. A tree is planted and it spreads its roots, new trees develop and gain from these roots, in the world-class place long an broad(a) forest is produced originating from that one tree. Thats an entire forest of naturally cloned trees. So clone in itself is zip fastener new, but the scientific copy of animals is very new in comparison to the cloning sledding on in nature. In the late 1800s Hans Dreisch was the first person to clone an animal. It wasnt done through approximately fancy, high tech regularity ob viously, he simply took a two carreled embryo of a sea urchin and shook it in a beaker filled with sea water until the two cells paused. The two cells grew independently from one another(prenominal) and eventually formed two separate whole sea urchins. In 1902 Hans Spemman performed a similar investigate apply salamanders, his results were the same as Dreischs.
For nearly fifty years however thither were no major advances in cloning. In 1951, a mathematical group of scientists in Philadelphia successfully cloned a frog embryo using Somatic Cell nuclear Transfer. Somatic cell thermonuclear transfer is the trans fer of the karyon from a embodied cell to ! an formal cell. A somatic cell is any cell of the body other than a sex cell, for example, a production line or contend cell. In this process, the nucleus of a somatic cell is withdraw and inserted into an unfertilized egg that has had its nucleus removed. The egg with its donated nucleus is then(prenominal) nurtured and divides until it becomes an embryo. The embryo is then placed deep down a surrogate mother and develops inside the surrogate. So the...If you loss to set out a full essay, order it on our website: OrderCustomPaper.com
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