1 The Approach and Evolution of Epidemiology LEARNING OBJECTIVES By the decease of this chapter the reader will be able to: s respect and discuss the goals of human beings wellness. s Distinguish between basic, clinical, and public health research. s Define epidemiology and explain its objectives. s delve the key components of epidemiology (population and frequency, distribution, determinants, and control of disease). s hold forth important figures in the history of epidemiology including canful Graunt, James Lind, William Farr, and John Snow. s Discuss important late studies including the Streptomycin Tuberculosis Trial, hoot and Hills studies on smoking and lung cancer, and the Framingham Study. s Discuss the current activities and challenges of modern epidemiologists. I ntroduction Most people do not bed what epidemiology is or how it contributes to the health of our society. This fact is reasonably paradoxical, given that epidemiology pervades ou r lives. Consider, for example, the followers statements that have recently made publicize news: s Mammographic screening for breast cancer does not benefit women aged(a) 40 to 49 years.
1 2 E S S E N T I A L S O F E P I D E M I O L O G Y I N P U B L I C H E A LT H s Cellular tele telephone users who talk on the phone while driving atomic number 18 more likely than other drivers to produce involved in a car accident. s Saint Johns wort, a popular alternative medicine, is an inefficacious treatment for sozzled depression. s Disinfection byproducts in drinking water increase a pregnant womans risk of miscarriage. ! s prenuptial screening for human immunodeficiency computer virus (HIV) infection is ineffective in reducing viral transmission. The breadth and importance of these topics maneuver that epidemiology directly affects the daily lives of most people. It affects the means that individuals make individualized decisions about their lives and the way that the government, public health agencies, and medical...If you want to live on a full essay, order it on our website: OrderCustomPaper.com
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