Tuesday, January 22, 2019
Literature ans society Essay
The writings of an eld, and its brotherly set up holding and reacting angiotensin-converting enzyme over the some other. lit influences the companionship society is reflected in literature and in this way, in entirely langu boards and at all times there has been a close interaction between the dickens. Literature of any age cannot escape the influence of the sociable jibe and therefore is found reflecting the society of the age when it is created. The poet, the dramatist, the novelist, the essayist atomic number 18 all the product of their age and their-age openly and intelligibly gets imaged in their compositions. That cannot be helped, it so seems.Take the example of two literatures English and Hindi. Chaucer is called the father of English poetry and actually English literature in its form and language which kept on developing and improving, begins from him. His close representative work is the Prologue to the Canterbury Tales and accordingly the Canterbury Ta les. All the characters painted in these tales are the original re instauration of the types of such people as they were in his times. term Chaucer is a reflector of those characters and their types of his age he is virtually and truly exposit as the chronicler of his age his characters whether a Knight the Prioress the monk, the fat fryer, the sailor, the squire, the non-Christian priest all are truly the representatives of their types in the contemporary society as they actually were.Chaucer is a painter as well as a critic of his society. Shakespeare the sterling(prenominal) dramatist of English language one of the greatest of all languages brings in ghosts, witches, and courtier and fools in his plays which were as per the li great power of his audience and a offset of the English party of his times. That is what is rightly said intimately Shakespeare that in addition to the normal three unities Time, Place and Action in drama, he brought about the fourth unit y unity with the people.That encomium clearly Shakespeare being influenced by the society of his age and in his plays he, though neer gave any message or pronounced any philosophy, but that is eer there the triumph of the good over the evil. This was the message that was most require to his age later on all that had happened earlier Henry VIII the king having been killed, Mary Tudor a despotic, arrogant, a cruel ruler and and so a benevolent, all embracing middle- pass follower queen Queen Elizabeth.As is the king so are the people is an old but true saying and Shakespeare reflects that hilarious sometimes, but somber and philosophic at the other in his plays. Hulton was very much the product of his age. A truly blue(a) person a deeply religious man, he gave to his age which was battling with sentiment and disbelief the message of Gods triumph over Satan. The eighteenth century of English literature is a true product of the age. The neighborly scene had degenerated i nto debauchery and license after the Restoration of Charles II who brought alongwith him all that he had enjoyed during his exile and adjourns in France and the literature of that period reflects all that was happening in the society. Alexander Popes Rape of the put aside is a reflection of the so-called lascivious high society of and burred satire too, on all that was too much too painful for the society. Thus Pope is a reflector as a corrector of his age.So are Addison and Steele as essayists. Balzac, Zola, Maupassant of France had cast their influence on every Wycherley, observe and later Restoration dramatists who had gone to the lowest depth in describing social disparity and this is how literature reflected the age.The French Revolution a very important political and social event of atomic number 63 had as its basic tenets Equality, trade union and Liberty and these tenets and the variety did cast its spell all over Europe and England and the English poets could not escape that influence. Wordsworth was moved by the humanitarian setting of the revolution in the earlier phase but later its bloodiness and ferocity disillusioned him and all this is reflected in Wordsworths poetry poet of man and in his later poetry. Shelley was moved by the revolutions spirit of revolution and Byron by its matching spirit.Tennyson was a true representative of the Victorian age and sang of the glories of the Empire while his nature poetry gets influenced by the progression of Science in the later nineteenth century. He did not pillow a priest of nature as Wordsworth was because where science advances religion declines. Charles daimon saw the backside of industrialization the ugly getting Poorer and the rich richer the sufferings of the poor are ignored and his novels reflect all this.The First World war (1914-19) created a group of who sang of the glories of war, of chivalry and Sacrifice for the kingdom and then there is the post w poetry and post- war drama Bernard Shaw dramatist cognise for his pungent satire, pricking the balloon of romanticism associated with war heroism and chicane in his Arms and the Man.Eliot comes on the literary stage to get away with the utter disillusionment of the age in his Wasteland all this about English Literature. Similarly in Hindi Literature, when Prithvi Raj Chauhan was fighting valiantly with Mohammad Gori Chandrabardai the warrior poet was singing of the glories of war and his hero in his Prithvi Raj Raso.Then came the Bhakti Kal the period of Bhakti the country and the nation had fallen under the Muslim yoke and there were class conflicts on the basis of faith and religion. There came on the literary scene, Kabir, who preached anti-fanaticism pricked the bloated balloon of superstitions and maneuver faiths and admonished both mullahs and Pandits and showed the way of God. Tulsidas found the Hindu society divided into factions Shaivas and Vaishnavas and showed the path of love, b rotherhood and mutual respect for all Gods and presented the ideals of a son, a brother, a wife, and a devotee.The triumph of Ram the incarnation of the Good over Ravan, the symbolic representation of Evil is an eternal lesson given by him to the society whose lessons remain adore even till today. The period of comparative social peace created a set of poets who indulged in pleasing their patrons the Kings as their courtiers and songsters. Their poetry is full of amative sports in which they make Krishna a Radha and the Gopis their actors a very wrong a vitiated depiction unbecoming of those great. This was done just to gratify their patrons the aesthetic and sensual kings.This is how the social scene was reflecting itself in literature. Then, comes the contemporary age. The British were belief India and there were classes close to the ruler and classes suffering at the hands of the officials and at the hands of the so-called elite of the society. There were classes crea ted the superior, the downtrodden the imperialists and the contentists. Prem Chand the great novelist unravels this class fight in his novels and thereby, not only reflects the society of his times but gives a lesson too. His novels, his short stories all have a lesson to give.There was Bhartendu Harishchandra the poet the harbinger of the modern age and thought, who successfully caricatured the classes social and religious thus reflecting the social scene with a point to reform it. Thus goes on the scene. Maithili Saran Gupta the Gandhian poet sings of the nimbus of Ram, of the glory of Lord Buddha, of the glory of other mythological heroes his thrust by means ofout being to awaken the masses and enlighten them into cordial social contacts.The national fervor reverberated through the veins of the Psyche under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi and poets after poets, writers after writers sang of the of our ancient land and its culture. Jai Sanker rasad, Ramdhari Singh Dinkar, the poets Dharmvir Shrilal Shukla the novelists brought into focus the inequalities and imbalances that plagued the social scene and through their thoughtful and sometimes highly satirical way brought to the fore the social and political malaise through which our present generation passing.This true presentation has been with a purpose to awaken the social conscience to the problems that dog the people. Literature thus has been holding the mirror up to Nature on one hand reflecting all traditions, trends and tendencies while rising up the finger of trouble too to guard against all that goes against the basic values of life.Literature and Society have remained and shall remain ever intertwined and the more they so remain, the more impregnable would the foundations be laid for a sustained harvest-feast a well-coordinated growth and a corrected social order Literature has to play its part as a reflector and a corrector of society and society has to vivify men of lette rs to keep themselves on their guard towards their mission of social good.